Philippine Health System Case Study

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Up and Coming: The Philippines’ Health System

The Philippines, a country located in Southeast Asia and with a population of 98.39 million (2013), is an archipelago with over 7,107 islands divided into 17 regions, 81 provinces, 144 cities, 1,490 municipalities and 42,029 barangays or villages (Bersales, 2014). It is still classified as a lower middle-income country with a GDP of 272 billion US dollars and a poverty headcount ratio of 25.2% (The World Bank, 2014).

Destitute Standards of Living

One out of four Filipinos lives below the poverty line and this translates approximately to 24.3 million Pinoys nationwide. Furthermore, the poverty limit for a family with 5 members is a monthly income of PHP8,022 to be registered as non-poor (National Anti-Poverty Commission, 2014).

The fact that a huge proportion of the population is still unemployed does not help with these figures. According to the Social Weather Stations Third Quarter Report (2014), “55% (estimated 12.1 million) of families consider themselves as mahirap or poor. This is unchanged from June 2014, and 3 points above the 52% average for the four quarters of 2013”.

Health Systems Review
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In the National Capital Region (NCR), particularly in Metro Manila, majority of the hospitals fall under the private-corporation type of classification. On the other hand, smaller urban cities would generally have a sole-ownership type. Big urban cities are also known to have hospitals that provide higher quality of care, i.e. hospitals that are owned by corporations. While those hospitals that are governed by a single proprietorship are known to offer, at the most, a primary level of care. In addition to this, these types of institutions are more commonly found in the smaller cities (Lavado et. al.,

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