Philippines Natural Disaster

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Philippines usually experiences natural disasters since it is situated in a zone called the Pacific Ring of Fire and typhoon belt. Countries in the Pacific Ring of Fire most frequently experience volcanic activity and seismic disturbance. It is also a country lying directly on a path often tread by typhoons. As a result of these devastating typhoons, heavy rains cause different bodies of water to overflow thereby flooding places that are normally dry and/or low-lying. This phenomenon happens abruptly and could affect people in a population simultaneously.

Moreover, this environmental disturbance causes stress and trauma among people because it is uncontrollable. As with any traumatic events, natural disasters can bring about high levels
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The victims’ coping strategy was through human reliance due to support which others provided to the victims. Indeed, coping is an integral and necessary part of everyday life. It is a response which involves internal and external adjustment of an individual to demands of a situation. (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2004) Coping includes a wide range of cognitive & behavioral responses that may be used to manage stress. These responses are often referred to as coping strategies, and may be either adaptive (i.e. successful in helping a person manage stress or remove a stressor) or maladaptive. (Skinner, Edge, Altman & Sherwood,…show more content…
(Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) Problem-focused coping is employed when people perceive situations to be changeable or controllable. Emotional regulation or emotion-focused coping is when people get a hold of their emotions in stressful situations. It aims at modifying the feelings or emotions about a perceived problem. Active coping, planning and information-seeking are all examples of problem-focused efforts, while affective regulation, venting emotions, and attempts at positive appraisal are examples of emotion-focused coping. (Ginexi, 1997) Another type of coping, which was not mentioned by the former, is avoidant coping. Avoidant coping is a least effective type of coping in which people try to avoid the situation by using direct escape routes such as drug use, alcohol use, and overeating. (Feldman,

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