The detailed definition of research question and its terms. Now, in this subchapter the fundamental assumptions will be presented concerning the nature of the social reality, scientific production of knowledge and the limits of scientific knowledge. I distinguish between ontological and epistemological fundamental assumptions. As ontology s primarily concerned with the nature of what exists. With the ontological assumptions are meant the research’s concept what constitutes the social reality and what constitutive parts of this social reality should be subject of research and inquiry (Brühl 2015: 30-31).
One of the main ethical concerns to be addressed when conducting research is that participants have to be clearly informed about “the purpose, aims, use of results, and likely consequences of the study” (Stringer, 2013 p. 89); in other words, it is vital to obtain the informed consent of participants. In AR, where more control is given to the participants than in other forms of research, consent is a form of agreement between the participants and the researcher (ibid, p. 90). The researcher needs to inform the participants explicitly about all the research activities and participants should be to continue to ask questions during and after the AR project has been completed. Participants should feel entirely free to decline participation in the project, and it is the researcher's duty to explain that their willingness or refusal to participate will not affect their academic achievement in any way. The same conditions should be in place for continuing involvement, where participants should be aware that they are free to withdraw from the study at any given time.
A Discussion and Evaluation of the Usefulness of Sociology for Social Work Theory and Practice. Introduction. This essay defines, discusses and evaluates the theory and practice of sociology and its usefulness and application to social work and practice. The influences of a wide range of surrounding issues from, e.g. class, education, religion to culture and how they impact on social structure, e.g.
Introduction Theories are set of statements that seek to provide a logical explanation for how a particular phenomenon works (Ogunbameru, 2013). In sociology, theories attempt to explain human interaction and the consequences of such interactions on social life as a whole. Thus, in pursuit of this goal, sociologists come up with varying theoretical approaches in order to provide an objective explanation of the social phenomenon under study. The theoretical approaches employed by sociologists are generally categorised into three namely: micro theory, macro theory and meso theory. Micro sociological theories adopt a social process approach to the explanation of their phenomenon.
He conveyed to readers both the practical and theoretical and ways of approaching theory generation. Additionally, the author tried to bring to light on how sensitizing concepts provide starting point for building analysis of data to generate a grounded theory. As a research method, it’s appropriate for identifying and explaining phenomenon and social processes. The author clearly explains dynamics of theoretical framework in his study. This clearly gives the readers a line of reasoning and basis as to why we should move grounded theory further into postmodernism.
Credibility allows the researcher to verify their interpretations and accuracy of their perspective by returning for further interviews with the participants (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 126). Credibility also refers to how believable the research findings are or the true value of the study. The additional interviews following the examination of data analysis will broaden the study’s credibility. Auditability is the participant showing accountability of the information provided and the transfer of raw data into research findings (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 126). During this study, a detailed description of the participants’ personal experience, environment, and circumstances will be given in a way that others can
Functionalists such as Durkheim explain the social deviance and social control in macro-level as they study “generalizable trends” and “broad social forces” (Conley, pg. 203). Symbolic Interactionists, on the other hand, explain social deviance through micro theories; they focus on a particular
Reliability A scientific practitioner should be reliable when performing and reporting research and also in the transfer of his knowledge to others. A scientific practitioner cannot leave out results. It should be clear when the practitioner is speculating about results instead of knowing what is really happening. Suggestions about future research can be made clear. When you have to perform a peer review, you have to have respect for someone’s thoughts.
After considering the objectives of the study, the research questions, the limitations and the scope, the researcher felt the appropriateness for adopting the qualitative data gathering techniques. 3.2 Research Design After examining the objective of the study, and the findings of the previous study, a qualitative method research design had been choosen because the writer of this paper thinks it will best fit the objectives of the paper and will be enough to give the full information regarding the topic and able to generate results of the implication of certain theory to the reader. The writer of this paper will conduct a quanlitave data collection through the textual analysis of both of the novels and the memoir of Roald Dahl. The writer then collected datas on how cruelty is used in the novels, both verbally and physcally and done by human beings as well as animals and magic figures. The analysis will include all related terms, such as brutality, violence, murder and torture found in both novels.
Through this unconventional approach of studying deviance, Liazos attempted to bring light to the common approach sociologists take in studying more about the topic. I feel that this is a wise decision as we would be able to consider the positives and also more importantly, the shortcomings so that we can improve on the methodology, allowing for a more accurate and valid