Philosophy And Literature: The Influence Of Existentialism

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INFLUENCE OF EXISTENTIALISM Existentialism has its great influence in different fields of work whether its philosophy, psychology or literature. Existentialism in literature is basically a movement that has a tendency to keep an emphasis on the choice of people, their freedom and as well as their existence. American writer Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson even wrote about Existentialism: “Existentialism is not dark. It is not depressing. Existentialism is about life. Existentialists believe in living—and in fighting for life.” Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jean-Paul Sartre are known as the outstanding founding fathers of Existentialism. All three were the philosophers who have shown quite a different way to people which they could follow, which then allowed the field of existentialism. Its actual purpose is to help people in finding their purpose in life that how can they grow properly. Existentialism in the field of literature has been so greatly portrayed thus it became the highly discussed theme. Although, existentialism is a widely used literary movement but the underlying concepts are constant: * Mankind has free will * Life is a series of choices * Few decisions are without any negative consequences * Some actions and incidences are unreasonable or strange, without description. * Once you take a decision you should act upon it. As it has already been mentioned about Sartre that he and

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