Documents 1 and 5 do not directly show support or contempt for Buddhism, but rather give another perspective of the religion. Document 1 comes from a sermon preached by the Buddha himself. “The Four Noble Truths” shows us the basic guidelines of the religion. This information is vital because many people who just simply chose a side of the fight for or against Buddhism may not actually know what the religion represents. By reading the sermon, the Chinese citizens could form a better understanding of Buddhism.
“When you believe that yours is the only way for humankind, millions of people might be killed because of that idea” quoted from the book I read “Living Buddha, Living Christ”. At first, I though many religionists are stubborn, refusing to accept and understand others’ though and idea from another stream of religion. However, the author of this book have given me a deep insight inspiring me to re-think what true meaning of mindfulness, gratefulness and religion are. One important point here is that the existence of confrontations are not necessarily due to religious things. Actually, provided that people from different background can reach a peaceful platform eventually and recognize the significance of respecting other traditions and culture, a basic peaceful world would be established in a foreseeable time without doubts.
However, some people didn’t care if the two religions co-existed or blended together. Mahayana Buddhism in China was profoundly accepted by the lower class people who didn’t have much and liked the idea of giving up materialistic things to reach nirvana. In document 2 Zhi Dun supports Buddhism and talks about how Buddhism was the way to reach
While Hinduism and Buddhism have many similarities, they have major differences as well. Although they do have some similar terms and practices (samsara, karma, meditation), the rest of the two ideologies deviate from one another. One of the biggest differences in my opinion is that Hindus (like myself) are pantheists, whereas Buddhists are atheists. Hindus believe that everything is God, but Buddhists don’t believe in any God. Since Hindus believe everything is God, the soul, atman, is also God.
That is the similarities of the Utilitarianism and Karma. The differences between Western and Buddhism is western principle place on moral authority in the utility of an action but Buddhism ethics find it that are the responsibility to do so and they will not care about the return. In western principles, rights is concerned with respecting and protecting individual liberties and privileges. There have two type of rights, legal rights and moral or human right.
The Buddha did not address that there was a god, though what I found interesting he did not dismiss that there was no god, he believed there were higher beings. These religions, both worshiped many divines some were even similar. They both believed in the same divine the Brahma. I discovered that they both viewed the Brahma as the highest. All though they might view the Brahma differently, it is interesting to see these two separate religions worship the same higher being.
Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism are archaic beliefs that are incorporated into the fabric of the people in East. These systems are profoundly based on nature worship and are much more practical than the more recent and sophisticated religious orders of the West (pg 167). Hinduism is an ancient polytheistic religion that is based on three main deities, Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu which symbolically represent creation, preservation and destruction (pg 168). Buddhism is a continuation of the teachings from Hinduism and involves the main character called Buddha who is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu the preserver (pg 170). Even though there are many similarities between Buddhism and Hinduism the main and most important difference
The eightfold path shares many similarities with the values upheld by many practicing Catholics today. For example, Buddhists believe in the concept of right speech. This means they are against lying and spreading unwelcomed rumors about others in hopes of tainting one 's image. Similarly, in the Ten Commandments, Catholics believe “thou shalt not lie”. However, Buddhism and Christianity also differ in some aspects of their beliefs.
Christianity emphases on the trust of life after death as a central and indispensable view of their faith, nevertheless an extensive range of ideas are present. Christianity is the belief in God but more importantly, it is the belief that he sent his one and only son to save us from our coming judgment of God. " For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” (Bible John 3:16)
Reputation is the opinion that people in general have about someone, or how much respect or admiration someone receives, based on past behavior or character and often used without much attention to its complex meaning. As such, very little effort is invested in verifying the origin or accuracy of a particular reputation. The reputations are far from being uniform; the process of reputation construction/formation is far from being a simple and straightforward process. Reputation is made from someone’s actions or books and when people know about someone from newspaper or magazine articles so, from these people make judgments on someone. It could be different reputations for the same person, which based on religions and the way community know about him.
Due to China’s Warring Period after the Han Dynasty, Buddhism gained popularity because no imperial authority was around to enforce laws. Once an empire rose to power, Buddhism was turned against. Initially the Chinese defended Buddhism and its policies, but after centuries, others increasingly analyzed how Buddhism had not presence in older documents. Buddhism began to be blamed for the political and social problems of Chinese society. An additional document, such as a graph, that demonstrates actual numbers of Buddhist converts of this time period would help determine if the given documents’ author’s statements about Buddhism were accurate.
Before Buddhism was even introduced to Japan, Shinto had risen out of many ancient Japanese beliefs and traditions that all ended up being sort of compiled into the Shinto religion. Because Shinto was so deeply rooted in Japanese tradition and culture, it was in a way inseparable from these things, making it highly important to the Japanese people. Shinto may not have any any prominent religious figures/founders, or any kind of specific teachings or religious books, but it was so entwined with many of the ceremonies and traditions that were so important to the Japanese people that Shinto was not a religion that could just be replaced. Which is exactly why when Buddhism came along that it was unable to completely overtake Shinto. By the time Buddhism made its way to Japan in the 6th century it had already had quite the history and developments from other countries such as China and India.
From a Buddhist perspective, one follows the Eight Fold Path in order to transcend reality. Inversely, Jews seek shelter within Gods commandments in order to be saved from the allure of Satan’s and sin. For Jews, no “middle way” can exist within an orthodox practice of Judaism as it opens one up to sin. However, Buddhists do believe in Karma, the binding force of negative interactions that tethers those seeking spiritual enlightenment or nirvana to the world.
I chose Buddhism as the world religion I am studying. I chose this religion because I am curious to why it hasn 't spread to the United States like Christianity, or even Islam has. It has a booming prevalence in India, and other regions of Asia but it still hasn 't made a large impact on The U.S. Buddhism started with the a birth of Siddhartha Gautama in c. 6th-4th century BCE in current day Nepal. Siddhartha lived as a prince in a grand castle with every whim catered to.
This is similar to the idea of meditation from Buddhism. I think Daoism can be considered more of a philosophy but scholars suggest otherwise. This religion can be divided into religious Daoism and philosophical Daoism. Philosophical Daoism is about accepting death while religious Daoism is about overcoming death through immortality. Similar to Confucianism and Buddhism, Daoism borrows concepts and ideas from them such as, prayer, priests, and polytheism.