Special education is a discipline marked by a lot of controversy and which elicits a heated debate among education administrators, parents, and teachers. Full inclusion, which is the belief that disabled students should be incorporated into regular classrooms, regardless of whether they meet conventional curricular standards or not, is the major point of controversy. Full inclusion embraces the idea that disabled students should undertake regular education and only be excluded in a class when important services cannot be offered to them (Nelson, Palonsky, & McCarthy, 2010). This paper seeks to delve into the arguments surrounding full inclusion and establish their validity. It will achieve this by highlighting the arguments for and against
However, every student has the right to be included in an everyday classroom with non-special needs students. The following paper will present and explain inclusion’s purpose, its benefits for both special and non-special needs students, as well as its drawbacks. Literature Review This thesis paper will be carried out with the help of online research, and investigations as well as books. The Wisconsin Education Association Council (WEAC) defines inclusion as “a term which expresses commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend.” Develop more this point “The term “inclusion” replaced all previous terminologies, i.e., integrated special education; reverse mainstreaming, previous to the early 1990s in hopes that the word would mean more than placing children with special needs in the regular educational classroom, including a sense of belonging, social relationships, and academic development and learning.” (Odom, Buysse, & Soukakou,
For students with disabilities, schools need to take some necessary steps in order for a beneficial transition to take place. Schools need to provide students with resources such as an RA or SNA (Special Needs Assistant) to students or teachers that want or need one. They also need to provide specific framework for students such as IEPs etc., allow pre-entry contact for pupils and parents, and create a strong relationship with parents based on constant communication. If schools can effectively provide these resources for students with special needs, the transition from Primary to Post-Primary education can run smoothly and create great educational experiences for these
Inclusion is an educational model that discourages exclusion and stresses the restructuring of institutions, classrooms, and approached to instruction to address and meet assorted needs of all children (Okeke-Oti, 2009). UNESCO (2005) defined the broad definition of inclusion as: A process of reducing exclusion within and from education and addressing and answering to the diversity of requirements of all learners with the help of accumulative participation in learning, cultures and communities. It encompasses modifications and changes in approaches, content and structures and strategies, with a common objective which includes all children of the appropriate age range and a persuasion that it is the duties of the regular system to provide quality
Children with mental retardation, behavioural or emotional problems and children with visual, hearing or physical and other health impairments can be categorised as children with Special Education Needs. That being said, Special Education can be described as the education of children who have social differences in a mental and a physical perspective from the average person, in a manner that they usually need amendments in the usual educational tasks of schools. Historically, people with disabilities have not being treated nicely. Before 18th century, people’s lives were filled with superstition and fatalism. Some of the most known cases of discrimination they were involved is exile, isolation, exorcisms, tortures.
According to the Encyclopedia of Children’s Health, special education refers to a range of educational and social services provided by the public school system and other educational institutions to individuals with disabilities who are between three and twenty-one years of age. Special education is the practice of educating students with special needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Common special needs include: learning disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities and developmental disabilities. General education is the standard curriculum presented without special teaching methods. By contrast, inclusion is about the children’s right to participate in education.
“Special Educational Needs” is defined as a restriction in the capacity of the person to participate in and benefit from education on account of an enduring physical, sensory, mental health or learning disability or any other condition which results in a person learning differently from a person without that condition... (Government of Ireland, 2004b, section 1) Aims and principles of Special Education The aims of education for students with special educational needs include (a) enabling the student to live a full life and to realize his or her full potential as a unique individual through access to an appropriate broad and balanced curriculum; (b) enabling the student to function as independently as possible in society through the provision
Each student diagnosed under the IDEA act will get an Individualized Education Plan also known as an IEP. The IEP will outline all the students’ disabilities and will outline the hours of how the student will spend learning in the classroom. The IEP will give a history of the child and how he was diagnosed with the disability he or she has. The IEP will come with a special education team made up of usually a speech or occupational therapist, the students’ principle, a paraprofessional the student has, and the special education director of the school district. All immediate family is encouraged to attend the child’s IEP meeting.
Special Educational Needs Policy “The purpose of education for all children is the same; the goals are the same. But help that individual children need in progressing towards them will be different. Whereas for some, the road they travel towards the goal is smooth and easy; for others it is fraught with obstacles.” (Warnock Report, 1.4) Governing Body Policies regarding the school’s position on the admission and education of special needs students. • For New Students: A short screening assessment to determine the student’s specific case needs and learning gaps. • The student has to be able to do mostly inclusive learning, and to be mainstreamed most of the day.