As well as listening and discussing important issues with you, a psychotherapist can suggest strategies for resolving problems and, if necessary, help you change your attitudes and behaviour. Some therapists teach specific skills to help you tolerate painful emotions, manage relationships more effectively, or improve behaviour. You may also be encouraged to develop your own solutions. In group therapy, the members support each other with advice and encouragement. A therapist will treat sessions as confidential.
However, it is analysed that people who are different, really has difficulties in their life with respect to sense of belonging since people disown them and feel that they have some kind of mental disability and for that reason, they never gets any kind of sense of belonging. Sense of responsibility among general people needs to be developed in order to understand the mental situation of a different person who could be with different personality or from different culture. It is better to read and learn about the cultures and histories of other people that help in understanding about different kinds of people. It also gives circumstantial information that people find it easier to make logical questions. However, it is not needed to be experts in the culture of someone to get to know better or to ask questions.
Counselling is a talking therapy that involves interactive relationship of client and counsellor. Counselling offers opportunity for clients to talk to the counsellor about their problems and feelings in a confidential environment. A counsellor generally helps the clients to see things from a different perspective and find their own solutions based on their own beliefs. The main aim is to enable the clients to develop a better understanding of self and be able to make changes to cope with difficulties in their lives, by reaching their own decisions and act upon them accordingly to develop a satisfying life. Human beings are unique.
The rigid therapeutic relationship leads to an inaccurate assessment and poor working alliance (Eaton et al., 1993, as cited by Ackerman & Hilsenroth, 2001; Iwakabe, Rogan, & Stalikas, 2000). Working alliance involves the planning of tasks and the goals for the client to build trust and confidence. Rigid therapist tends to plan the tasks and goals without understanding the unique needs of the client (Davidson, 2005). Without understanding the unique needs of the client, the therapist will have inaccurate assessment of the client’s emotions and lack working alliance with the client. Hence, there will be difficulty for the client to gain and achieve the desired outcomes.
A collaborative approach is often encouraged and the therapist is also encouraged to show special interest and listen respectfully to the client’s stories. The therapist should also avoid diagnosing and labelling clients but rather enable the client to often separate themselves from the most dominant story of their life to provide a space where alternative life stories can be created (Corey, 2014). The stories of our lives also play an important role in our life as they can shape reality and contribute to what we see, feel and do. In therapy often clients who have come into
Since CBT is a mental based therapy, it is imperative to have the client commit to a series of counseling sessions, whereby the client should be encouraged to speak freely about her situation as well as engage the therapist in coming up with solutions. The client, Ana, has indicated that she is ready to commit to eight treatment sessions and while more sessions may be needed, the client’s willingness to attend counseling session is encouraging. Short-term and Long-term Prospects The CBT theory is designed for both long-term and short-term interventions. The key determinant in the duration of the treatment would be the severity of the disorder, the response of the patient and the ease at which a patient divulges information critical for their treatment. While some patients may be forthcoming with information, other anxiety and depression patients have high defensive shields and getting though them takes longer time, hence the need for a more long-term care.
In group counseling, client’s are required to share their own experiences and realizations. This way, each client is able to reflect on what the other client says. Marriage and Family Counseling encourages couple or family to reestablish the shattered relationships. (Dela Cruz et al., 2016) In marriage counseling, couples with misunderstandings are given the advice and assistance suitable for their situation but it doesn't necessarily mean that they have to follow it. The decision is still up to them.
The goal is to encourage clients to go further to achieve something that they have been aiming for (Kleinberg, 2011). According to group counseling, it has its own benefits for psychoanalytic therapy. It provides a peer group of individuals that has been experiencing with the same symptoms such as depression or anxiety disorder. By conducting this method, it allows group members to give feedbacks on one another. They
The counsellor emphasis is on the person not the substance abuse problem. Additional knowledge and skill on the part of the counsellor relates to being able to assess the extent and impact of a client's substance abuse problem and the client's need to change. Familiarity with and ability to utilize standardized assessment instruments specific to substance abuse will help the counsellor in this assessment process. Familial and social environment assessment also is required to identify the extent of and to utilize the client's support systems. The counsellor’s ability to identify the needs of the client and the quality of counselling and related treatment intervention strategies obviously linked to his/her assessment and diagnostic
However in individual counseling, the client would not get much feedback or comments from other members only from the counselor. The client would need to be responsible in having to commit his/her self to the therapy sessions and to make an effort in wanting to change their beliefs. If the client is not commited in wanting to change for the better, therapy group does not help and he/she will only disrupt the session and waste the counselor time. This applies for both individual and group counseling. Individual sessions may not seem as interesting and engaging as group counseling sessions.