Phlebitis In Nursing Care

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Topic: Assess nurse’s knowledge, attitude and practices regarding phlebitis in medical and surgical unit of services hospital Lahore.
Peripheral intravenous cannula is a common practice which is done almost in 90% of hospital cases on their admission. So the patients have chance to develop the infection at the cannula site or in blood stream and causes the serious complications. One of most common complication of intravenous cannula is phlebitis. (Coomarasamy, Wint, & Saleh, 2014)
Phlebitis is an inflammation of vein generally its inner lining tunica intima, characterized by redness, pain and swelling of affected are with numerous causes such as Mechanical (Cannula rubbing and irritating the vein), Chemical (medicine
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Due to which they have established swelling and pain at effected site and pyrexia (high grade fever) due to infected cannula. It was observed that staff nurses have lack of knowledge about the predisposing factors of phlebitis and poor practice to handle the intravenous cannula. According to (Salguerio-Oliveria, Parreira, & Veiga, 2012) Phlebitis is main complication of intravenous cannula. The occurrence of phlebitis is different in various locations at international level 3.7% to 67.24%, some researches has found in 50-75% 0f patients. According to Yogisutani (2010), study conducted in Bandung showed that frequency of phlebitis is high, which closely relate to nurses knowledge, attitude and practices. Efforts are carried out to apply standard operating procedures and training of staff every…show more content…
It increases the stress level, pain, financial burden and prolongs stay to the patient in hospital due to inflammation. Nurses are aimed to prevent the patient from complications, but here nurses are causing the complications and pain due to their ignorance and malpractice. According to Dychter, Gold, Carson, and Haller (2012) nurses should aware that the complications of intravenous cannula, which are done due to infusions can significantly affect health care costs. Complications of IV therapy are costly in terms of patient quality of life, morbidity, mortality, and treatment expense, specifically when there is a prolonged hospital
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