Phonological Recoding: A Case Study

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1. What is phonological recoding? Why is it important? What is needed for it to be successful? (3) Phonological encoding is the process in which children learn how to access and apply the thousands of words that are previously present in their spoken lexicon. It is very important because it is an absolutely necessary condition for an effective reading acquisition. In order phonological encoding to be successful, children need to find combined grain sizes in orthography and phonology of their language that permits a strong connection between the two fields.
2. Define the three problems the authors claim beginning readers face. (3) According to the authors, the three problems that the beginning readers face are availability, consistency
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List the four issues that have been controversial in phonological development literature and its relation to reading (page 6). The first issue that has been controversial in phonological development literature is the idea of a universal developmental progress from big to small phonological components. The second concern is whether the intra syllabic division of onset and rime is worldwide. The third issue is looking at whether the phonological depictions advanced by children are very different from those of adults. And the fourth issue is related to the assertion that phonological awareness is related to reading acquisition.
5. What are some problems with the cross-language comparisons described in the article? (10) Some problems with the cross-language comparisons described in the article are consistency of spelling-to-sound relations, grain size of orthographic and phonological representations, and teaching methods. Another problem with the cross-language comparisons is that it is rather difficult to regulate the sociocultural differences within
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Discuss what Brown and Deavers learned about the relationship between children learning to read English and grain sizes? What strategies were the children developing and how did this help them? (12) According to the article, Brown and Deavers found a majority of small grain size answers for the less skilled readers and a majority of large grain size answers for the skilled readers. This statement shows that reading acquisition begins with small units. Their idea was that the children in their study were developing both small unit and large unit sub lexical recoding strategies. The children were building a sub lexical grapheme–phoneme-recoding strategy, and a sub lexical rhyme analogy strategy.
7. What does the research indicate about why the average rate of learning to read in English is slower than in other countries? (13-14) According to the research the average rate of learning to read in English is slower than in other countries, because of the relatively low orthographic consistency of English. Thus, reading has a role to play in developing effective word recognition, especially in relatively variable
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