Originally from Austria, Sigmund Freud was a trained neurologist who was particularly interested in the human psyche. Over many years, Freud developed a theory to explain human behavior, what we refer to now as “Freudian Psychology.” First, he divided the mind into three levels, and used the analogy of an iceberg to help others understand it. On the surface, Freud identified the Conscious. It is here that most of our decision making and ideas are processed. However, in Freud’s model, this consisted of the “tip of the iceberg” which barely resided above the water. Next, just below the surface, is the Preconscious, which contains all of the memories that an individual can retrieve and bring to the conscious. The final part of one’s mind is the Unconscious. Freud’s writings describe this as being a “cauldron” or “reservoir” of all the ideas, thoughts, and feelings that a person has, but does not necessarily know exists. This aspect resides far below the surface, and comparable to an
The criminological theory that I think is the best is the social leaning theory. The social learning is a social learning behavior which is affected by your peers. The people around you can really affect the way you think and act. Just hanging and socializing with people you can adapt bad habits. Learning also occurs through the observation of reactions and punishments. Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory and behavioral learning theory. Social learning theory contributes many other theories. Most crimes come from people who was influenced by their peers who also do crimes. Crimes are illegal acts against the law. The social learning theory criticisms are individuals and especially children. The assumptions of the social
Ken Robinson delivers a TED talk on “schools kill creativity” filmed in February 2006. The talk aims to challenge the education system and the fact that it has little emphasis on the creativity of individuals. Robinson notes that children should not only be made to pursue their studies but also follow their passions and their interests which lie in their talents. He refers to Picasso’s statement that every child is born an artist (6:05). Robinson urges the crowd to rethink the strategies they use to educate the world. The speaker quotes that people do not grow into creativity but out of it or rather educated out of it. Robinson asserts that education
Creativity is an important skill that everyone should use continuously. In the short story, The Cat in the Hat, it shows two kids who are home alone and don't have the creativity to think of something to do, until the Cat in the Hat shows up and presents his creative thoughts on having fun. In the article, "Why Nurturing Creativity in Kids is so Important", explains to us about how creativity is needed in everyday life and why everyone should be encouraged to use it. The text’s The Cat in the Hat and "Why Nurturing Creativity in Kids is so Important", prove that in order for a person to be creative minded, creative thinking must be encouraged.
2. The psychodynamic theory is associated with, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Theorists who support this theory state, early childhood experiences play a major part in later development of a child’s personality, even if it is buried in there unconscious. Psychodynamic Theorists also believe that children go through qualitatively distinct stages in their development. In my classroom, how I could apply this theory is by engaging the child on who they think they are, and how it will affect their future. Identity plays a major role in this theory, by engaging the child on who they think they are, I feel I will be able to assess their ability to learn.
From the beginning, the therapist had to deal with own doubts and anxiety. The therapist had heard a lot about the psychodynamic psychotherapy but this was the first time he conduct the sessions by himself. Unlike pharmacotherapy, there is no standard clinical practice guideline or recommendation for the therapist to refer to or follow. The therapist was worried that he was unable to conduct the therapy effectively and his patient would not benefit from the therapy. Fortunately, the therapist received a lot of encouragement and support from his supervisor, which enabled him to complete the therapy sessions with his patient.
"My contention is all kids have tremendous talents. And we squander them, pretty ruthlessly" (Robinson, 02:57). Ken Robinson addresses the thought that creativity is just as important as literacy is in our schools and education. In his TEDtalk, the speaker Ken Robinson different ways in which we could change the way literacy is seen as more important than creativity and then make them equal. Robinson uses lots of different examples and stories to help convince his audience and help them understand the issues at hand. Ken Robinson successfully convinces his intended audience that even though literacy is understood as being more important in schools over creativity it is not more important they should be treated as equal.
Many people have known about psychology because of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung (Blundell, 2014). In spite of the fact that they have various theories, they have so many contributions to understand the struggle of human mind. Their theories and thoughts have not always differed from each other (Blundell, 2014). Once, they were friends and colleagues. They investigated the unconscious psyche. Jung felt like he could let down his defense mechanism to Freud because he did not just see Freud as a mentor, but also as a father figure (Blundell, 2014). After a while, their thoughts began to go different directions. As a result of this separation, their friendship did not last forever, in fact it turned into an enmity in 1913. They have conflicts about sexuality. Freud stated that sexuality was everything (Blundell, 2014). On the other hand, Jung exuded that sex can influence the one’s behaviors, however the one’s behaviors’ only reason cannot be explained with just sex.
Psychoanalysis was first introduced by Sigmund Freud and is now known as classical psychoanalysis. The theory, as defined by Sigmund Freud, is the dynamic between underlying forces that determine behavior and personality. He stressed the importance of human sexuality, childhood experiences, and the unconscious processes. However, his theory was seen as misogynistic and narrow focused. Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars. Nonetheless, it had a significant impact on new theories that were later developed. In the mid to late 1900’s, a second wave of psychoanalytic theories were introduced. These new theories branched from Freud’s original idea that an individual’s behavior and personality are largely shaped by underlying unconscious forces, however, the second wave was modified to be more sophisticated and dynamic. The wide majority of Freud’s followers had no problem accepting the idea that conflicts during infancy affect the experiences of an adult, thus, affecting their future personality features. However, the second wave of psychoanalysis emphasizes interpersonal relationships rather than sexual feelings, accepts the study of the conscious mind, and contains a wider variety of explanations. Moreover, the new wave provided the means to advance and expand the psychoanalytic knowledge in the fields of social sciences, history, and humanities. For example, new wave psychoanalysts emphasized the necessity of modifying social
In response to the counter claim, even though the results from Freud’s experiments cannot be fully generalized, the model can still be useful. Still nowadays it’s used in patient analysis. Of course, as mentioned, one cannot be completely sure that this model offers a good framework for the treatment of patients, but like all models it offers an explanation to a difficult thing.
Creativity can be defined as the willingness to be courageous, adventurous, daring and to try new things. Creative people take risks and produce some of the best ideas. When designing and making, creative work is likely to bring about original knowledge which will incur risk taking. Innovation and risk taking are skills that are close together, everyone that knows it have to deal with creating something new everyday.
First of foremost, creativity plays a very important role in the improvement of our society and of our living standard. New innovations make our lives easier, allow us to do things that we could not do before, as well as create workplaces and bust the economy .Everywhere we look creativity and innovations are there; from an art gallery displaying Van Gogh 's masterpieces, to our mobile phones that provide us with information and functionality that previous generations could only dream of, to the way we shop using the internet and the new digital economy we live it.
“Another assumption of Psychoanalytic theory is Unconscious motivation. Freudian view suggested that the motivation for any behavior came from the unconscious mind. In addition, it says that typical causes of psychological problems in individuals are from trauma repressed in the unconscious or hidden unresolved issues experienced during early childhood development” (Guntrip,
Education is a huge issue that not only affects kids and their parents, but their community as well. Schools teach young kids to become the next generation of engineers, technicians, and political leaders, working towards creating a better future for their country and their community. Teachers have the unique job of creating the future leaders of the world, and preparing them for both college and life beyond, by putting a special push towards math and science, the so-called “foundation” of our society. The hard truth is, no one can be anything they want to be. Some people are simply not cut out to be engineers, doctors, or psychologists. Modern day schooling forces students to fit a mold only a select few can fill by creating too much structure and having an overbearing emphasis on math and science, when other, less structured extracurricular activities can promote respect, discipline, and teamwork.