The article “From outside, in,” by Barbara Mellix reveals the difficulties among the black ethnicity to differentiate between two diverse but similar languages. One is “black English”, which is comfortable to her while speaking with her family and community and the other is “standard English”, generally used while talking in public with strangers and work.
Up until this point, religious scripture was undisputed. The Church was the authority figure and all their science was based on the outdated theories of Aristotle. The most classic dispute between the Church and the scientific community was a debate over geocentrism vs. heliocentrism. The Church believed that earth was the
When you can be yourself and it becomes an art, that’s when writing is fun. Barbara Mellix shares a great example of when she wanted to use "proper English", instead of her "black English." While doing so it made her feel uncomfortable and out of her realm. ""Thank you very much," I replied, my voice barely audible in my own ears. The words felt wrong in my mouth, rigid, foreign. It was not that I had never spoken that phrase before-it was common in black English, too-but I was extremely conscious that this was an occasion for proper English. (Mellix 259) and "My concern was to use "appropriate" language, to sound as if I belonged in a college classroom. But I felt separate from the language-as if it did not and could not belong to me. I couldn 't
For instance, Roman astronomer; Ptolemy developed the “Geocentric” theory of the universe, in which the Earth was believed to be in the center of the universe. (Doc. C) Furthermore, polish astronomer; Nicolaus Copernicus, who relied on mathematics and observations created a different understanding of the universe, called the “Heliocentric” universe. Heliocentric meaning “sun-centered,” in other words meaning that the sun is believed to be at the center of the universe unlike the Geocentric theory. (Doc. C) Even though astronomers during the Middle Ages had adopted the “Geocentric” theory, later more conclusive evidence led to the adoption of the “Heliocentric” theory. Along with the new evidence founded by scholars, medicine was also altered, in various ways. For example, “the Middle Ages belief that each sign of the zodiac governed a certain part of the body,” (Doc. D) in other worlds, that “the constellation of stars called Aries and Ram controlled the head,” and so on. (Doc. D) Due to these findings and further examination of the human corpse; held by Andreas Vesalius, lead to a better understanding of the human
From the periods 1500 to 1700, The Scientific Revolution led to heretical ideas against the church. According to the bible, man was considered the pinnacle of creation as well as other creations such as the sun been considered the center of the universe. Copernicus aroused with the creation of the heliocentric theory, stating that the sun was not the center of the universe and Galileo “agreed with his teaching enabling him to understand nature’s phenomena that according to hypothesis, it remained inexplicable.” In addition, this theory challenged the church’s authority and beliefs. Throughout that time, because church was really strict, it decided to go against the theory, because it was contrary to what the church stands for, as well as questioning God. As a result, Copernicus knew he could not stand against the church’s beliefs, so he wanted to explain himself to the Pope, along with the church through a letter explaining his beliefs and point of view.
Galileo’s Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina argues that Nicholas Copernicus’ idea about the Earth’s rotation orbiting the sun once a year does not in fact have anything to do with the scripture in the Catholic Bible. Galileo is simply stating a theory that he believes is true and scientifically proven. His ideas came to life in a time when many were questioning their beliefs surrounding the church and ideas that they have had in the past. Galileo was very science- oriented and many of his ideas and teachings did not align, and in some cases directly conflicted, with what the Catholic Church preached.
According to the world history book from Bob Jones University, Galileo was a heretic, when it states “When Galileo published his findings, however, he also came into conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, which tried him for heresy.” I think the textbook was accurate in its belief that Galileo was a heretic because the definition of heresy is a “belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious doctrine.” Galileo was an iconoclast because his theory that stated the earth revolved around the sun disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church’s belief of a geocentric galaxy. Galileo was opposed by cardinals, the Roman Catholic Church, philosophers, scholars, and, according to the holy Fathers, the Bible itself.
Throughout the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, one can see double standards for men and women frequently. Gender expectations took a hold of the Maycomb, Alabama; the fictional county in which this novel takes place. Looking back in history, it was always the women staying home, cleaning, cooking and taking care of the children. Men were always perceived as the superior sex. It was abnormal to see females wearing breeches or pants. They normally wore dresses. It wasn’t until the 60s and 70s when women started to join the workforce. To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, told the story of a girl named Jean Louise - Scout Finch; she was expected to clothe herself in dresses, prepare food and think the way that women were taught to
The prominent theme that the story, “The Man Who Saw Through Heaven” by Wilbur D. Steele revolves around is how people let the words of others affect/change them as deeply as they do. A pivotal point in the story that exemplifies the theme was when Mr. Krum, a Christian scientist, explained his belief to Reverend Diana about how Earth could merely be a little stone on a ring on another organism's tentacle (315). That thought altered how Reverend Diana saw the world, and Christianity. This consequently changed how he would spend the rest of his life. He replied saying “May be a--ring--a little stone--in a--a--a--ring.” which exemplified his disbelief at the notion of the world being virtually insignificant because he couldn’t even formulate
Gender is it a concept or is it made apparent by our DNA when you are born or does it change as you grow older? Often gender is something that society defines at birth. According to society certain gender roles are pre established when we are born. The majority of society believes that if you are born to a specific gender you should adhere to the gender roles while other people believe that instead we may be born to a gender but it does not always decide if you are that gender. Science has proven that just because you are born a male or female does not mean that you mentally see yourself as that gender.
Gender roles are norms created by society. Our gender is given to us when born, either you are a girl or a boy, decided by how our body looks like. A girl is given norms to follow by society at a young age. A girl should usually be passive, nurturing and subordination, while those born male are supposed to be strong, aggressive and dominant. This paper will discuss how the genders are viewed and perceived in different literary periods. It will show three periods, Ancient Greece, the Middle Ages and our modern time. The essay will also discuss what the differences between the periods are and how it has evolved throughout time.
The term “transgender” is a label that was never used until the mid 1960s. According to history, “Psychiatrist John F. Oliven of Columbia University coined the term transgender in his 1965 reference work Sexual Hygiene and Pathology (“Transgender”)”. When a transgender person desires to be the opposite gender, they may get an invasive surgery to fully transition into their new identity. Multiple transgender people have started to announce the having of the surgery has destroyed their future (Bindel). People have the right to be whatever gender they aspire to be, but transgender people should do public activities and should stay grouped with their biologically assigned sex.
Gender is becoming a large word of conflict in society, and its use has increased in the past few years as the definition has been debated and discussed. Many people are trying to figure out what gender is, and if it is as simple as male and female, or if gender is different from sex and a much topic. I personally view it as a broad word that means more than it has in the past, but that is due to the environment I have grown up in and people that have been in my life as I have started learning new things about the world . The word gender has such conflict about its definition that I feel it should be open for more discussion, or have multiple definitions to make up for the variations in opinions.
Understanding gender and sexuality as socially constructed categories is important because it helps people understand a certain group. Gender and sexuality is expressed in many categories and people must be careful not to mix people in the wrong category. Simply because one expresses their sexuality different from another person does not mean they should be bashed or treated differently. Sometimes it does not matter what you identify as, who you identify with, people will always judge you, so its best people just do what they want. Putting gender in a category helps others not stereotype them as something they are not. In class, we learned about different types of groups, and how they are viewed from the world perspective. The importance of the gender and sexuality being socially constructed does matter, and it let people choose their identity.
Truth. People use this word almost everyday. And the question “What is truth?” dates back before Galileo, Plato, and Aristotle. People have tried to unpack the meaning of this simple five letter word and yet it has grown and become more complex than ever. There are of course different opinion that people say are truths such as, “I like that color.” Other truths include facts such as, “There are 12 inches in 1 foot.” Then there are truths that people connect to their identity: race, gender, career, etc. People connect the word “truth” to all these subjects. When focusing on the actual definition of truth this doesn’t seem entirely the connect usage of the word.