Physical And Psychological Characteristics Of Soccer

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Chapter One – Introduction Background of The Study

Football was one of the most popular sports throughout the world, with more than 240 million players in the world (Wong et al.,2005). Football is a team sport that depends heavily on aerobic endurance and short-term, high intensity intermittent activities (Rampinini et al., 2009; Bangsbo et al., 2006; Mohr et al., 2003; Rienzi et al., 2000; Bangsbo et al., 1991), needing high levels of performance, combined with high levels of technical and tactical skills, and particular physical and physiological characteristics (Kalapotharakos et al., 2006). As in other team sports, soccer also involves different playing positions with different physical requirements (Mohr et al., 2003; Rienzi et al., 2000; Bangsbo, 1994).

Football is a game in which two 11-member teams try to propel a ball into the opposing team 's goal by using any part of the body except the hands and arms to get the score. Only the goalkeeper may use hands and arms when positioned within the penalty area in front of the goal. Beside that, football is one of the most widely played sports in the world and is a sport characterized by short sprints, rapid acceleration or deceleration, turning, jumping, kicking, and tackling. It is generally assumed that through the years, the game has developed to become faster, with more intensity and aggressive play than seen previously. Elite soccer is a complex sport, and performance depends on a number of factors, such as

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