Physical Therapy Definition

1782 Words8 Pages
Definition of Key Terms
Exercise Therapy. Any exercise planned and performed to attain a specific physical benefit, such as maintenance of the range of motion, strengthening of weakened muscles, increased joint flexibility, or improved cardiovascular and respiratory function (“Therapeutic exercise”, 2009).
Goniometer. An instrument for measuring angles (Merriam-Webster, 2015)
Joint. The point of contact between bones whether they are movable or rigidly fixed together with the surrounding and supporting parts (Merriam-Webster, 2015).
Manual Therapy. A clinical approach utilizing hands-on techniques, including but not limited to manipulation/mobilization, used to diagnose and treat soft tissues and joint structures for the purpose of modulating
…show more content…
Physical therapists work in a variety of settings, from hospitals, to clinics, to home settings (Therapeutic Health Organization, 2012). Physical therapists measure and evaluate a patient’s abilities in areas of speed, mobility, coordination, respiratory endurance, and cardiovascular endurance ("Physical Therapy," n.d.). Physical therapy typically includes an initial examination to find patient’s weaknesses and strengths, a home exercise routine, an exercise routine for at the clinic, and periodic checks in progress ("Physical therapy," n.d.). Arthritis treatment methods include posture and mechanics training, joint protection principles, and energy conservation (Therapeutic Health Organization, 2012). The most common reasons for a patient to seek physical therapy are strokes, arthritis, brain injuries, orthopedic injuries, and multiple sclerosis ("Physical Therapy," n.d.). Physical therapy is an important part of the healing process as it can help to alleviate pain and reduce any scar tissue (Therapeutic Health Organization,…show more content…
The general aim of exercise therapy is to restore musculoskeletal function and to reduce the patient’s pain level ("What is exercise therapy? ", 2013). This form of physical therapy is intensive and highly repetitive, which can turn some patients away ("What is exercise therapy?", 2013). Those who undergo exercise therapy must listen to their therapists and follow their prescribed exercise routines in order to achieve success in decreasing their pain level and increasing their mobility ("What is exercise therapy?",
Open Document