Physiological Changes In Ageing

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The ageing process is inevitable for all living organisms. Therefore, you need to expect a lot of physiological changes when you leave your youthful years behind. But don’t be discouraged; after all, there are several things you can do to keep these changes at bay and look physically younger than your chronological age. Having a healthy diet, exercising on a regular basis, cultivating a positive attitude — these are some of the steps you can take to delay the onset of age-related problems.

The key here now is to identify what physiological changes you must anticipate when the ageing process sets in. Some of the things you’ll notice include:

Shift in Sex Hormones

The reproductive organs are some of the most affected parts of the body when
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Bones become weaker and susceptible to fracture as people age and, consequently, it’s one of the main reasons why seniors are more prone to falling accidents. These changes affect the female population more than males; oestrogen helps in controlling the bone forming and resorption processes in the body so, when oestrogen levels fall during the menopausal stage, women become more prone to developing weaker bones.

Other than that, the ageing process also causes ligaments to lose their elasticity, which can cause joint stiffness and lead to lower flexibility. To counterbalance these changes, you need to incorporate exercise into your daily schedule. Working out can help you maintain a wide range of motion and maintain good balance, flexibility and coordination, which means you can stay away from injuries even as you grow older.

Aside from exercise, increasing your calcium intake also help in strengthening your bones. Eat foods that are high in calcium (such as milk, yoghurt, cheese and dark, leafy green vegetables) and take supplements that contain this important mineral.

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