Piaget And Vygotsky's Theories Of Cognitive Development

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Cognitive Development can be explained as the emergence of thought processes beginning from infancy to childhood to adolescence to adulthood. The aim of this essay is to focus on Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development. Jean Piaget is a Swiss developmental psychologist who is known for his epistemological studies. On the other hand, Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist best known for his theory known as the Cultural-Historical theory. Both Vygotsky and Piaget were particularly interested in Cognitive Development in children. Piaget’s theory of development consists of four phases. The sensorimotor, the pre-operational stage, the concrete operational stage and the formal operational stage (Piaget, 1952). In the Sensorimotor…show more content…
The two theories are found on different viewpoints. Vygotsky emphasizes the social grounds of the human mind while, Piaget pivots the individual as the beginning point. In Vygotsky’s opinion, “mutual problem-solving takes place amidst partners”(Murphy, 1999.) While Piaget has an opinion that is almost the opposite. He claims that people work with freedom and equity on one another’s plans. Vygotsky believed that society has a large role to play in a child’s cognitive development whereas; Piaget stressed that, children construct an understanding of the world through their own experiences. This is one of the most evident differences between Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s views on cognitive development. “Vygotsky and Piaget’s perspectives arise from two different world views and bring about different research paradigms and possibly even different epistemologies” (Bruner, 1997). Piaget stressed that intelligence is gained based on our own deeds. He asserted that whenever children continuously interact with their environment they will ultimately learn, he stated that after a spate of development learning will materialize. Whereas, Vygotsky mentioned, that before the child’s development learning is already possible. Piaget declined to believe in the importance of the contribution that can be gained from the environment, whereas, Vygotsky was positive that children will acknowledge the…show more content…
They had many differences and also a few similarities in their outlooks. Their theories are of great importance and are used in researches to validate their views. It is true that both society and the individuals’ themselves work together to develop. Individualism and influences of environment create a complete individual. Both Piaget and Vygotsky were great psychologists and their work is greatly valued till
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