However, if they yelled and asked in a rude way, they would be punished for their bad behavior. In addition, the parents would have achieved another goal which is transferring an understanding to their children. Emotional identification, which is the second factor, is that children between the age of four to five will start to unconsciously think and believe that if their parents have a characteristic, they will also have it. (11) For instance, a boy whose father is aggressive or fearless or may be popular will believe that he has these attributes too.
For instance, when a child learns how to walk or talk, he or she is exposed to a new environment that advances their development. Likewise, there are two different process of human developmental changes: maturation and learning. Maturation refers to the biological unfolding of individuals. It is also partly responsible for psychological changes like our increasing ability, understanding others feeling and solving problems. Learning process is also known as social critical development process.
Vygotsky believed in the sociocultural theory that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences, and that parents and caregivers and peers have a role in a child’s development. He said children learn best when new information is scaffolded for them. He called the area of cognitive development, from where a child starts out to where he could get to with scaffolding, the Zone of Proximal Development. The third giant is Maria Montessori. A very important phrase in the Montessori philosophy is: “Teach me how to do it myself”.
The first stage of Erikson’s developmental tasks is trust vs. mistrust which usually occurs about the first year of age. This is the stage in which an infant either is cared for and loved and has trust in their caregiver or is neglected and uncared for which leads to mistrust. If they can trust they will be able to feel secure in their future relationships because they will assume there is a source of love and support. Mistrust in this stage will lead to anxiety and fear in future relationships. For myself, during this stage I think that I reached the trust stage.
Sometimes they adapt new information into their existing mental categories. At other times they must change their mental categories to accommodate their new experiences. Both processes are constantly interacting. The triarchic theory of intelligence consists of three sub theories: (i) the componential sub theory – consists of intelligent behaviour categorized as metacognitive, performance, or knowledge acquisition components , (ii) the experiential sub theory- contains intelligent behavior (iii) the contextual sub theory states that intelligent behavior is defined by the sociocultural context in which it takes place and involves adaptation to the environment, selection of better environments, and shaping of the present environment. A child’s development may be interrupted by the parents who compromise the infant’s biological desperation to trust.
On the other hand, parents who rarely leave their children with people who the child isn’t familiar with tend to show low social interactions and are far more emotionally unstable. These children tend to react badly when left with a strange person or when starting playschool, and they don’t cope well with the new environment at first and also it takes them a little longer to get used to the new surroundings and new faces. Another phycologist, Lev Vygotsky, outlines his theory of child development, that “children learn actively and through hands-on experiences” [Vygotsky, 1962] I totally agree and relate to this theory as
Also, they might get angry easily but turn to positive mood quickly. While in adulthood, the working efficiency is low because of purposeless and always uses selfish way to solve the problems. They might rely on caregivers but resist other’s social activity. Thus, the relationship with others is unstable and superficial. Then, infants might easily tend to develop the permissive-indulgent style parenting style afterwards under the caregiver’s
These theories really expanded and informed me about child development because it dealt with the child’s thinking process as well as how they progress in life. Jean Piaget viewed child development on their efforts and how they acted upon it which geared towards conginite development. It consisted of four stages: sensorimotor,preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. His idea of adoption correlates with my perspective because it is impressive to see how the child adapts to certain information. Also with his perspective of the four cognitive stages due to the child’s life span “mental operations evolve from learning based on simple sensory and motor activity to logical, abstract thought” due their development as the years go by (Martorell, 2013, pg.
Because, differences between students such as powerful or not are not significant in their lives.Differantiating children in terms of sex, gender, race, age, language, socioeconomic status may lead to social disorder in the future. Because children is the keystone of the society. What educators and parents engrain in child in early years, will bring about some influences on society. Therefore, we should take into consideration all of situations and factors that may affect children and in this direction child should be raised with a huge caution. The other one is preparing teachers well.I think, to enhance students different abilities and skills, teachers should be more effective to teach students something in their educations.Thus, teachers should be highly-skilled and