Vygotsky believed in the sociocultural theory that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences, and that parents and caregivers and peers have a role in a child’s development. He said children learn best when new information is scaffolded for them. He called the area of cognitive development, from where a child starts out to where he could get to with scaffolding, the Zone of Proximal Development. The third giant is Maria Montessori. A very important phrase in the Montessori philosophy is: “Teach me how to do it myself”.
In order to increase children’s higher order thinking skills, teacher play an important role to provide them support and assist. That is, how can materials or capable peers be presented and make children interested enough to make them in learning, mastering knowledge, skills, understanding or the art work that academic work is intended to promote. Based on Vygotskian approach, there are four components to describe scaffolding from teacher’s and child’s contributions, that is (a) establishing and sharing the understanding, (b) structuring of tasks (c) transfer of the responsibility from teacher to children and (d) maintenance of direction. By doing observation in early childhood classroom, the second purpose of this research was to understand what is teacher perception and awareness in preparation scaffolding. Research question Higher order thinking becoming a part of the Malaysia Education Blueprint, which mean that school is implementing this into the school system by using a new trend to spark the young Malaysians learn and acquire new knowledge.
For participatory learning to take place teachers need to be an intentional teacher somebody who wants a child to be involved in the learning process. A teacher should sometimes control the learning process but other times allow the children to lead the learning process. We must get involved in the children’s activities and let them know that we are interested in their opinion and thoughts. We as teachers should encourage the child to speak up explore and experiment. We have to ensure that a classroom is hygienic safe and fun, it should be a high quality learning environment.
Understanding the rationales of cognitive perspective helps an individual to interact with children in a better way. It is very important for a child to develop a proper cognitive ability from a young age. By understanding the rationales of cognitive development, one is able to know what to expose the children to as they develop. Also, one knows how to advise the parents of the children on the various methods of handling their children. Once one acquires this skills they are able to distinguish the different types of children and know exactly how to handle each of them.
It is crucial for us to understand the fundamentals of the development of a child as there are countless ways to conduct a lessons and to understand why children would react differently at this timing to another timing when they are completing a certain task. Furthermore, children develop uniquely and their development milestones differs from one another. Thus, a teacher must be cognizant of each child’s progression before conducting the class. This will help the teacher to plan and organize the lesson materials and the lesson time appropriately. Piaget’s stages of cognitive development suggests that children has four different stages of mental developments.
Teacher are the gateways for the students to enter and achieve the successful life. Conclusion While to conclude the assignment I want to say that the framework of a theory allows us to organize a large display of facts so that we can understand them. Theories about human development provide information or serve as a guide to acting on the world in a rational way, and they can inspire or stimulate further inquiry or research about behaviours. This refers to an educational with environments, curriculum, materials and instruction that are consistency with student's physical and cognitive abilities as well as their social and emotional
Through the developmental study of the child, Jean Piaget composed the Theory of Cognitive Development to illustrate how a child constructs an understanding of the world around them. I aim to describe the key components of Piaget’s theory in order to comprehend how a child establishes their own world and also how the Theory of Cognitive Development might influence me when working with babies, children or adolescents in the future. The aim of Piaget’s theory was to demonstrate the constancy of cognitive structuring in children at different stages in their lives over a long period of time. Piaget based his studies on his interests in the qualitative characteristics of development and also the qualitative difference in children’s thinking. Piaget
Piaget and Maslow: Teaching the whole child Exceptional educators keep their fingers on the pulse of what their students need, in order to teach them effectively. Examining Piaget and Maslow’s theories, and applying them to the classroom will facilitate achieving this goal. Considering Piaget’s focus on development, and Maslow’s prioritization of human needs, one can integrate these ideas into classrooms and lesson plans that are optimized for student success. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development Piaget asserts, children are born with inherited scripts, called schema, these schema are building blocks for cognitive development. As a child grows, he acquires more of these building blocks; moreover, these building blocks become more complex as the child progresses through different stages in development (Huitt, Hummel 2003).
Social pedagogy brings together theories from psychology, sociology and education to create a holistic way of working with children and young people. The holistic approach to a childâ€TMs development deals with them through spiritual life, school, health, family and friendships. Question: Question 5 Answer: Monitoring children and young peopleâ€TMs development can be done in the following ways Assessment frameworks- This is the way that children are assessed to determine whether they are in need, what those needs are and how those needs can be met. There will also be formal observations to back up the assessment framework and it will be reported back to the teacher. Using this information means that the childâ€TMs best interests can be met in development.
Giving choices and allowing children to choose their daily activities helps to build autonomy. Hedrick (1996) suggest that providing choices for children is a fundamental aspect of high-quality early childhood curriculum. It is also cited in as one of the principles of developmentally appropriate practice which states, “Following their own interests, children choose among various activities…” (Bredekamp & Copple, 1996). As we provide children with choices in their daily activity, educators need to understand the importance of the choices given to children in their class. Such classroom set up reflects a child - centered approach rather than teacher - centered.