Piaget's Cognitive Theory

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What is cognivitism
Cognitivism is a learning theory that focuses on “how information is received,stored,organized, and retrieved by the mind. Cognitivism use the mind as a information processor like a computer.For example, instruction should be organized, sequenced , and presented in a manner that is understandable and meaningful to the learner.Cognitivism stress’ retention and recall through the use of quality teaching practises.
Cognitivism concentrates on the inward mental activities – opening the “blackbox” of the human mind is valuable and fundamental for understanding how people learn. Mental processes such as thinking,knowing,problem solvingandmemory need to be explored. Knowledge can be seen as a schema or symbolic mental constructions.
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Piaget’s cognitive theory is an all-inclusive theory about the nature and human cleverness. Piaget believed that childhood stage of growing up plays a critical and active role at growth of cleverness and child learns both by doing and actively discovering, exploring.In other words kids has a different way of thinking in contrast to adults and that’s the reason why childhood stage plays the critical role in terms of growth of intelligence. The theory of intellectual development involves interests in four things which are reasoning, believing, recaling and perceiving. It is mainly known as developmental stage theory but actually it deals with nature of knowledge and how an individual can obtain information step by step, construct it and use that information. To Piaget, cognitive development was a dynamic rearrangement of mental processes as a consequence of biological maturation and ecological experience. This is basically means that they build an understanding of the world around them and then they experience the differences between what they discover in the environment that they built and what they already…show more content…
Developed dual coding theory: This theory proposes that people process information in two seperate ways; processing of images and processing of language.
Howard Gardner- Believed that intelligence was the key to understanding how students learned. He developed the theory of multiple intelligence- verbal, mathematical, visual,interpersonal, intrapersonal, kinesthetic, musical, and naturalist. He believes that everyone may have all eleven intelligences but one or two are more dominate. He also believes that the intelligences are influenced by biological, predispositions, learning opportunities and individual’s cultural context.
Benjamin Bloom- Described six levels of learning in his model of critical thinking otherwise known as ‘Bloom’s Taxonomy’. Bloom’ Taxonomy is a practical way of classifiying curriculum goals and objectives. Bloom identified six levels from lower order thinking skills to higher order thinking skills ;knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation.
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