Piaget 's theory of cognitive development. According to Mallon(1967) Piaget was concerned in the question " how do we know what we know?" . Piaget theorized that if one could study the evolution of thought from childhood through adolescence , the question might be answered . According to him general intelligence is an example of adaptive behavior .He believed that at any given stages in the gradual process of intellectual growth, the child is capable of understanding certain concepts and that more complex understandings and intelligence develop as information is recognized and new capabilities develop.
Jean Piaget is exceptionally known for his contributions to the world of studying developmental psychology, especially in children. He is most known for his four-stage theory on cognitive development, a widespread theory about the development of the human intelligence. His “stage theory” is a form of discontinuous development, which means that opposed to continuous development, it is not an ongoing progression of gradual changes throughout life; rather certain behaviors and skills occur within distinct stages of life. Piaget was curious as to how knowledge grew as we progressed throughout life. Piaget was also known for his theories on moral development in children, he has come up with a three-stage theory and has done several studies to further expand upon his research.
Piaget’s Theory Piaget’s cognitive development theory analyses the growth of children’s development for thinking and intellectual. In fact, American Psychological Association (2015) refers to cognitive development as the ‘The development of processes of knowing, including imagining, perceiving, reasoning, and problem solving’. This essay analyses Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. In addition to this, Piaget’s key concepts will be discussed which include; children and young people construct their own knowledge, individuals possess their own mental templates, equilibration and the stages of cognitive development that children and young people undertake will be investigated. Further to this, a critical reflection will be constructed
Cognitive development covers the development of a child’s thinking, and includes sensory development, concept formation, problem solving, memory and concentration, the development of creativity and imagination. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the main psychologists whose work in this area has been the foundation of much research in cognitive psychology. A common understanding between the two rest on the idea that cognitive development in children occurs through stages, nonetheless, their recognition of these stages vary. Jean Piaget and his contributions to cognitive development was one of the major breakthroughs in psychology. He was progressively inspired by behaviourisms and started to research and examine the subject even further.
Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development to examine how children develop their thinking and reasoning when facing problems with the world around them at different ages. This essay critically analyses Piaget’s cognitive development theory. The aim of discussion is to investigate how Piaget’s theory is applied to young children in primary school learning areas and to discuss the strengths and implications of the theory that have an effect on developing an educational pedagogy. Firstly, the key processes of Piaget’s theory are explained and the connections it has with the development and learning of children. The discussion continues with how the concepts advise your developing educational pedagogy.
Interactionists argue that language development is both biological and social. Interactionists argue that language learning is influenced by the desire of children to communicate with others. The Interactionists argue that "children are born with a powerful brain that matures slowly and predisposes them to acquire new understandings that they are motivated to share with others" ( Bates,1993;Tomasello,1995, as cited in shaffer,et al.,2002,p.362). The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky.Interactionists focus on Vygotsky 's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002). Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically (
This is then followed by the connections between the key concepts and the cognitive development of children which will an educator’s developing pedagogy. Finally, an outline of the strengths and outlines of Piaget 's theory. The significant Piaget’s key concepts to understand children’s learning and development: Jean Piaget formulated a model which determined a way of how a human’s mind gathers and organises information. Bormanaki and Khoshhal (2017 pg997) state "according to Piaget 's research; human beings have two basic tendencies of thinking." The first tendency is an organisation which is “ongoing process of arranging information and experience into mental systems or categories” (Woolfolk, Margetts 2016 pg81).
Piaget’s cognitive theory is an all-inclusive theory about the nature and human cleverness. Piaget believed that childhood stage of growing up plays a critical and active role at growth of cleverness and child learns both by doing and actively discovering, exploring.In other words kids has a different way of thinking in contrast to adults and that’s the reason why childhood stage plays the critical role in terms of growth of intelligence. The theory of intellectual development involves interests in four things which are reasoning, believing, recaling and perceiving. It is mainly known as developmental stage theory but actually it deals with nature of knowledge and how an individual can obtain information step by step, construct it and use that information. To Piaget, cognitive development was a dynamic rearrangement of mental processes as a consequence of biological maturation and ecological experience.
The systematic study of cognitive development was first made by Piaget. Piaget’s theory observes and describes children at different ages. His theory is very extensive, which starts from birth through adolescence, and includes concepts of language, scientific reasoning, moral development, and memory. Piaget’s assume that children construct their own knowledge in response to their experiences. Hence children
Piagat’s theory of cognitive development is an extensive evaluation on the nature of development in children and the role that a person’s childhood plays on their development. Piagat’s theory lays an emphasis on human intelligence, with specific reference to how children’s thinking develops and progresses over time. Piagat’s theory investigates the nature of human thought and the way in which children steadily come to