Piaget's Theory On Schema Development

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Piaget had a very simplistic theory on schema development, in my opinion, compared to Vygostsky. However, Piaget’s theory was used and agreed upon by many others. He theorized that, development predates learning. This means that he believe humans, especially newborns and infants, portray their surrounding world through mental schema and this is what enables us to interpret and understand our environment. Piaget refers to schemas as a way for individuals to organize their knowledge. He theorized that individuals learn when they go through a situation that their mental schema can not process easily and this leads to disequilibrium. To re-equalize, according to Paigets theory, the mind has to adapt to using a new skill or assimilate some new information.…show more content…
For example, when a baby is born they learn to crawl before they learn to walk, and they can roll themselves over before they can sit up on their own. He pointed out that children do not learn only passively, they also learn actively to try and understand things around them. Piaget also pointed out that as children learn and grow up, they develop schemas and those schemas become more elaborate and plentiful. His theory was that children at different ages can do different things and that they think differently. When he thought this, he out the ages into four separate stages. Piaget’s four stages of development included sensorimotor, from birth to age two, pre-operational stage, from age two to age seven, concrete operational stage, from age seven to age eleven, and the formal operational stage, from age eleven to adolescence and adulthood. Piaget thought that children try to link new knowledge with their existing schemas and that they either use assimilation or accommodation to do so. Assimilation is when an individual uses their existing schema to overcome a new situation or…show more content…
He theorized that what a person learns in their social environment passes their development. Vygotsky believed that development comes from social interactions and from guided learning from others.However, he does agree with Piaget when he said that infants are born with basic abilities/materials that they need for intellectual development. But while Piaget focused on sensory abilities and motor reflexes, Vygostsky focused on mental functions such as sensation, perception, attention, and memory. He said that is occurs from the zone of proximal development as a child and the person who’s teaching them’s co-construct knowledge. He believed that interaction between a child and a skillful tutor is vital for the child's learning. He calls this collaborative dialogue because the child learns the instructions from the tutor and internalizes the information given to them and uses it later when it is needed. In his theory, more emphasis was put on how the culture affected development. He thought that the environment surrounding the children when the are growing up would influence the process of how they think and what they are thinking about. This is why Vygotsky believed that development differs across different cultures. In his theory, adults play an important role in development. He said that they pass down their culture’s tools and traits and the children internalize. He refers to these as

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