The divine command theory is a theory of an act is morally right because it is commanded by God and an act is immoral because God forbids it. The divine command theory has faced significant arguments that arose from Plato’s Euthyphro Dilemma. In Euthyphro, the dialogue started with Socrates questioning Euthyphro what is the state of nature, of being pious, in response, Euthyphro declares that being pious is the good with whatever the God or superior commands. This arose the following question, “Are acts pious because the gods love them, or do the gods love actions because they are pious?” (Landau pg67). Specifically, does God command us to do whatever because it is morally right, or is whatever we do morally right because God commands us to
After Bassianus and Lavinia run away together and Mutius helps them escape, Titus finds this as a traitorous act because it is treason against the new emperor of Rome, Saturninus. Titus also finds this shameful that his own sons become traitors after all he has done for Rome. After Titus promises to bring Lavinia back to Saturninus, he finds Mutius guarding the door protecting Lavinia and Basianus. Titus says “ Barr’st me my way in Rome?” (1.1.291) then continues to stab his son. Titus, in this scene, has started to lose his civility when he stabbed his own flesh and blood.
This much is true for Victor’s failure to take responsibility for not only teaching his creation about life but also failure to take responsibility for the actions of his creation. “Frankenstein! You belong then to my enemy… you shall be my first victim” (153). Victor’s knows that he is responsible for the death of William because he abandoned his creation and made the monster learn the hard way that he would not be accepted into society. But he has no choice but to let Justine take the fall for the death of his brother because he fears being seen as a madman.
Hamlet was plotting his uncle’s murder, something the majority of people would view as completely insane, but it is how he plotted this murder that makes it clear that he is not mad. He deceives his friends and family into thinking he has gone completely mad, but it is his actions that prove to the reader that he may not be as mad as the king and queen believe. His unwillingness to kill Claudius because “he is a-praying.. And so he goes to heaven; And so I am revenged: And so he is scanned:” (III/iii/76-79) proves that he still has some reason and has put some thought into this murder. Also, it is how Hamlet acts towards his love, Ophelia, that proves that he may not truly be mad, especially in Act 5 during her funeral when he returns and states “I loved Ophelia. Forty thousand brothers could not with all their love make up my sum.”(V/i/262-264) Hamlet attempts to deceive the entire kingdom into labelling him as mad so that they would think nothing of him.
As his mind is clouded by ambition, Thyestes does not think of his brother’s feelings and the repercussions of his crimes. His desire for rule has caused Thyestes to manipulate Atreus’ wife into helping him take down his brother. ‘My wife has he debauched, my kingdom stolen’ (1917, 222). As a result, Atreus turns evil to gain revenge and justice for his brother’s actions. The ‘evil in the ruler’ comes out of Atreus when he gains revenge by brutally murdering his brother’s two sons, cutting them up and serving them to Thyestes in an act of cannibalism and a form of sacrifice.
The father of western philosophy has a doctrine of virtue, he presents that the philosophical life is the best life; but he is put to death for his teachings. Socrates was executed in 399 B.C.E in Athens, his infamous trial was documented by his student, Plato who distributed "The Apology," 40-50 after the trial occurred. Socrates allowed himself to be put on trial because he believed that his death would shine light on his life as well as his teachings; thus, he intentionally lost the trial. At 70, Socrates was put on trial for atheism, his investigation of things below and aloft of the Earth, his education to younger students, and the corruption of the youth of Athens; these charges were pressed Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. Throughout the entirety of the trial he never stopped talking and searched for justification for
Antinomians attack Puritans regarding the assurance issue “instead of promoting justification by faith, … instilled a deep dependence on legal works of sanctification … The result was rampant legalism and formalism.” (p. 99) Also, Saltmarsh describes “Christ has believed perfectly, … repented perfectly, … obeyed perfectly, [and] mortified sin perfectly.” (p.100) Thus, the faith in Christ is the most significant for assurance of salvation for Antinomians. Nevertheless, Mark Jones assesses them “Again, this is a classic example of the either-or fallacy.” (p.100) Reformed theologians also agree their argument on the importance of the faith, and their point is certainly true; however, the reformed theologians put stress upon not only the object of faith but also upon the sanctification. The divines believe that the sanctification of believers is essential on the issue of assurance, so they explain that the faith causes the justification and the sanctification both because of the law and the gospel and the complacent love of God. Thus, although the sanctification cannot earn the justification, the justification can cause sanctification. It means that if a believer deeply understands the value of saving work of Christ and the justification, he will love the law to be sanctified and will make efforts to do good works, that is the sanctification could be a
He utterly disgusted with these accusations that he enters starts to point the finger at everybody but himself. ”Did you plot all of this, or could it be Creon?”2.5 Oedipus blindly ignores the truth and points the finger at everybody else, despite the evidence that are stacked against him. He believes Creon, who is like a brother to him, has conspired to take his crown. Instead of listening to the message he attacked the messenger and become a victim of his own downfall. Oedipus eventually comes to term that he is the reason for the curse of his beloved city.
Macbeth is thinking to himself that it is not fair that Duncan 's kids will become king so he kills Duncan and has his sons flee. “There is none but he whose being I do fear: and, under him, my genius is rebuked; as, it is said, Mark Antony 's was by Caesar” (III.i.57-60). Macbeth is angry about being under any of Duncan 's sons when it comes to who becomes the next king. Macbeth is being selfish and greedy, which he proves when he kills Duncan to take his place as king. Macbeth thinks about his line of succession, and thinks to himself “ No son of mine succeeding,if’t be so, for Banquo’s issue have i filled my mind: For them the gracious Duncan have i murder’d” (III.i.67-69).
After he poisoned the tip of his sword everything went downhill. Laertes was being greedy because he wanted his dad to be king and stay king. Many people say this book isn’t greedy but it’s revengeful. Yes it is; who wouldn’t want to get revenge on someone who murdered your father. Or revenge on someone who tried to kill you multiple times.