He especially liked to challenge the authority and government of Athens. He would examine both his and their point of view. Socrates drew conclusions from what he’d heard and later on life it became more useful during his trail. He was on trial for corrupting the youth by asking questions and going against the Greek gods believes in regards to power. On trial, he performed The Apology, to the judges who didn’t take it as an apology but more as defense statements.
Socrates defence against this was, “You aren’t all convincing, Meletus, not even, it seems to me, to yourself. You see, men of Athens, this fellow seems very arrogant and intemperate to me and to have written this indictment simply out of some sort of arrogance, intemperance, and youthful rashness.” (Plato, Apology, 26e) Socrates believed that, “Meletus has brought his charges based on prejudice alone- without any reasoned or evidentiary basis” ( Rick, Class 5, Slide 17). Socrates continued to believed that Meletus claims against him were a preconceived idea and that he had no actual proof of where Socrates has said that he does not believe a higher power. Socrates contains to say, “But if, when the God
He also presents his daring self through defying the gods. He believes he has the power to grant prayers. This becomes a flaw to Oedipus because he now believes he has outrun his fate when in reality he already fulfilled his fate. Oedipus is also impulsive, short-tempered, and tends to jump to conclusions. He becomes enraged when Tiresias refuses to share the truth and calls him “scum of the earth” (245).
Help me, Apollo,” (1410-1411). This clearly shows his new understanding of the importance of the gods. He now knows that he cannot accomplish anything without them. In addition, another argument that could be made is that Odysseus is not truly loyal to his men because he did not care enough about their safety. One example of this could be when Odysseus is yelling at Polyphemus, a crew mate said, “Godsake, Captain!
“…if I disobeyed the oracle because I was afraid of death: then I should be fancying that I was wise when I was not wise. For this fear of death is indeed the pretence of wisdom, and not real wisdom, being the appearance of the unknown: since no one knows whether death, which they in their fear apprehend to be the greatest evil, may not be the greatest good” (Apology, 29a-29b). This potent statement not only highlights Socrates’ wisdom, it effectively makes use of his belief that he is wise because he knows nothing. By saying that he knows nothing of the afterlife, it gives him the reason to illustrate to his audience that he cannot fear what he does not know. He is able to make the claim that the fear of death is just another type of false wisdom of claiming to know the unknowable.
Although some passages in the second essay may point to atheism, I believe that, overall, his critique of religion seems to primarily stem from his animosity towards the way in which religious belief has manifested itself in society, rather than belief in God or religious belief as a whole. In the first essay, Nietzsche discusses the etymology of the words “good” and “bad” and how they have evolved over time to have completely different meanings, meanings that he does not agree with, due to the priestly class. Prior to this transvaluation, good meant noble and powerful while bad meant poor or common (Nietzsche, 28). The “good” were able to exercise their will to power and
“It was Apollo friends, Apollo that brought this bitterness, my sorrows to completion. But the hand that struck was none but my own. Why should I see, whose vision shoed nothing sweet to see?” (Oedipus the King, lines 1329-1335). Reading these statements for the first time gave me the impression that the Sun god Apollo was the source of Oedipus’ misfortune. However, paying delicate attention to the second phrase brought me to understand that to a certain degree, Oedipus feels guilty of his situation.
As he stated, “Son of Laertes, I find just listening to this sort of talk upsetting- and the thought of acting on it is repellent. I am not, and never been, the sort to cheat.” (Line 82-84), Neoptolemus tried to defend his personal morals, but finds himself being bombarded by his superior, Odysseus. It is assumed that you may live up to your parents’ legacy, and since Achilles was such a brave, and noble man, his son must be too; “You will win a reputation for wisdom, as well as bravery.” (Line 123). Unlike Ancient Greek, today, people are expected to define their own life, and what makes them happy without the burden of being a disappointment. Although, following a successful parents’ footsteps would not be taboo, finding what makes someone happy is more important.
During the 399 B.C., Socrates for rejecting the Greek gods and for putting wrong moral ideas in his student 's minds was sentenced to death. But Socrates’ goal wasn 't that, his goal was to encourage his disciples to find any reason by themselves for what is true and real. After Socrates’ death, Plato, who was one of his best students, opened the Academy- school that continued Socrates 's ideas. In this School, Plato wrote The Republic, where he states that each individual’s perspective of reality is changing, and can change more every time. People get more knowledge about the world and their surroundings.
Not even Oedipus in Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex is spared from the gods’ wrath. There are many symbols that reveal how a possible theme in Oedipus Rex is the obeying of the gods or else the moral will be forced to face terrible consequences. Light and dark, two difficult to explain ideas, yet they are clearly seen and used in Oedipus Rex. Light being the gods and their heavenly rewards for obeying their words, while the dark is the punishments and consequences for challenging or disobeying them. In Oedipus Rex, Sophocles writes, “Zeus… throned in light over night and day” (Ode 2.858-859).