Rice (Oryza sativa L.) crop belongs to family Poaceae or Gramineae and most important staple diet crop throughout the world (sharanapp et al., 2017). Rice crop being most important staple crop providing food for half of the world population. In developing countries, it serves as main source of income and employment for the rural community (soomro et al., 2013). Rice is a basic diet and cash crop in East Asia where vast cultivation is carried out. Major rice growing areas include India, Thailand, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Japan, Pakistan, Philippine, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam and USA (Aine et al., 2017).
Usually leaves and pods made up of approximately 8% digestive protein equivalent to 12.4% crude protein, 7.2 MJ/ kg energy and they have high mineral contents which often served as source of food for the animal husbandry. Ruminant animals are in most cases being fed with it especially sheep and goats in some particular region of India. Bigger ruminants like cattle, buffalo are also fed with it. In the case of Pods they are more nutritive when dried so is better to be fed while dried than in fresh state as it can equally serve as supplement during dry season when green fodder is on decrease. Tannin (12-20%) is a yellowish or brownish organic substance finds in its bark which is essentially use as raw material in tanning leather manufacturing.
Plant Disease Management: Cucurbitaceous Crops Cultivation of vegetable is a remunerative venture than cereals and other filed crops. India is the second largest producers of vegetable with 2.8 % of total cropped area under vegetables. Vegetables constitute a very important part of human diet and are very good source of vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre. In India, cucurbits share about 5.6% of the total vegetable production in the country. In our country, still there is a production and productivity gap to achieve the target for supply of minimum 200 g and Optimum 300 g. vegetable per capita per day as against the presently available 145g.
Plant Breeding in Rice Rice is the one of the most important crop as a food source of more than half of the world's population. It has really large percentage in total cereal grain production. Rice is the most commonly used grain product after the wheat in human nutrition. For most of the countries in the world rice is primary staple food, especially in Asia and India. It contains fiber, vitamins, mineral and little bit protein, for nutrition and even the starch ratio in rice is higher than in wheat.
It is sold in many forms with or without the skins, whole or split. A bushy annual plant of the legume family (like peas, garbanzos and peanuts), lentils are rich in protein and carbohydrates and is also one of the major source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins and minerals. In South Asian cuisine, split lentils (often with their hulls
Importantly, mung beans are composed of about 20%–24% protein. Globulin and albumin are the main storage proteins found in mung bean seeds and make up over 60% and 25% of the total mung bean protein, respectively. Therefore, due to its high protein content
In Pakistan, it was cultivated on an area of 985 thousand hectares, which produced 673 thousand tons of chickpea (Economic survey of Pakistan, 2012). Chickpea seeds are eaten fresh as green vegetables, parched, fried, and roasted, as boiled, as snack food and in many other conventional and non-conventional dishes. Its seeds are ground and the flour can be used as soup and to make bread; prepared with pepper, salt and lemon it is served as a side dish as well as dal Chana is very popular (Herbst 2001). There are two main types of chickpea, distinguished by seed size, shape and color. The first fairly small seeds
5. Still, the products of the pharmaceuticals industries of Bangladesh are not world class. Export prospects of Frozen Food and Fisheries Fish, shrimps and prawns yield 10064 taka of export earning which is 2% of total export earnings and it i Problems of vegetables marketing Plane delay and lengthy custom procedure Delay in coming of Biman aircrafts at different terminuses caused enormous damage of vegetable exported. In Bangladesh, needless and lengthy custom process made serious difficulties for the exporter. Low quality of packaging Packaging of Bangladeshi vegetables entailed on mainly round bamboo baskets and second hand boxes of different forms.
I. The Rice Industry in the Philippines Rice, commonly known as kanin in the Philippines, is a cereal crop that belongs to a family of other cereals such as wheat and corn. It is rich in vitamins and minerals and it is the best source of energy (Geonka Foods, n.d.). It is considered as the staple food of the Philippines and is part of every Filipinos’ meal. Also, this is eaten mostly in Asian countries.
INTRODUCTION Vegetable oil is an important component of human diet. Coconut, cottonseed, olive, palm kernel, peanut, rapeseed, soybean, and sunflower are some of the major oilseed crops. Demand from developing countries, biofuel initiatives, adverse weather patterns, rapidly increasing population and rising health concerns have driven the need for increase in the oil production. India is a vast country and inhabitants of several of its regions have developed specific preference for certain oils largely depending upon the oils available in the region. About 50% of domestic demand of edible oils in India is met through imports (Department of food and public distribution, Government of India, http://dfpd.nic.in/oil-division.htm).