Foer further explains that animal food is not only responsible for diseases such as bird’s flu and swine flu, but also hinders the effectiveness of antibiotics in the human body (2009). He mainly focuses on factory farming which if stopped would reduce global warming, pollution, save oil reserves, reduce disease burden, improve public health
From this study, the decomposition in scavenged piglet is occurred in 7 days as compared to dry stage of decomposition in controlled piglet. The significant alteration of flesh loss and movement of the carcass from its original position was occurred by big bird scavengers. Which shows that the size of carcass matters because in this study small piglets were used and the scavenger found in time-lapse video were bigger than piglet carcass. During late stage of decay of scavenged pig was found nearly one meter far from its real
There are some limitations with the usage of large animal species (viz., pigs, dogs, feline models and non human primates) such as economic constraints, practical difficulties, extreme care and ethical considerations. A complete and comprehensive research in these animal species may provide better understanding of the disease and its complications, mechanism and discovery of new therapy, as these animals more closely imitate human
Mahatma Gandhi once stated, “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” In today’s world, animals are being used to control scientific variables in experiments including drug testing, the creation of cosmetics, and treatments for diseases. Animal testing can be beneficial in the aspect that it has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments. However, on the other hand, animal testing can be seen as cruel and inhumane because of the way animals are treated. Animal testing is more complicated in the aspect that it is not just simply putting the end product on the animals, but torturing the defenseless animals with relentless experiments causing an unknown amount of pain. For example,
This situation is caused by many stress factors associated with the weaning period, such as removal from the sow, adapting to a new environment, mixing of pigs from different farms, dietary changes, and histological changes in the small intestine. All this stress factor may negatively affect the response of immune system and lead to an intestinal gut dysfunction and cause a decrease in absorptive capacity, diarrhoea onset, and, eventually, growth retard (J.-P. Lallès et al. 2007; McCracken et al. 1999). This could eventually result in delayed growth performance associated with an increased susceptibility to infections (Boudry et al.
Abstract Meat borne diseases associated with consumption of ready-to-eat meat contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes represents a considerable public health concern. The ability to persist in food-processing environments and multiply under refrigeration temperatures makes L. monocytogenes a serious threat to public health. L. monocytogenes contamination is one of the leading microbiological causes of food recalls. Ready-to-eat (RTE) cooked meat and meat products are frequently contaminated with L. monocytogenes during post-processing operations and handling as the processing facilities are frequently contaminated with non-persistent/ persistent L. monocytogenes. In addition to physical and biological interventions, chemical antimicrobial
Direct transmission from animals to human beings is common amongst the occupational groups who handle animals and animal tissue, such as butchers, veterinarians, cattle and pig farmers, rodent control workers respectively. Accidental infection to veterinarians has also been recorded in many studies. (Bolin et al, 1988). Farmers may be exposed to water contaminated by the urine of rodents or other animals while irrigating fields. Rice farmers, particularly when barefooted in the field may also be exposed to water contaminated by rodents or buffaloes, e.g.
In this experiment, a programmed guinea pig ileum was used because it stimulates effects of various drugs on guinea pig ileum and has similar digestive system as humans so it will be better to study the effects of drugs on guinea pig ileum. Aim: The Aim is to obtain dose response data for agonist and calculate for ED50 and PA2 values. Secondly, to observe the effects of agonists and three different concentration of an antagonists in guinea pig ileum. Method: The organ bath file was opened and we examined tissue type and Agonist and Antagonists of different drugs which were available. Guinea pig ileum was selected as tissue type and Acetyl choline as agonists.
Initially, the pig breeding farm was set up under the stockbreeding department of the institute to promote the breeding of pigs. On one hand, it was to strengthen the selection and breeding of Taoyuan and Berkshire, while on the other hand, it was to introduce other breeds such as Yorkshire and Hampshire with the help of the Council of Agriculture. Later in the mid-stage, Landrace and Duroc was also introduced by the Council of Agriculture and new pig pen were built to undergo the 3 breeds hybridization test. In the last stage, in addition of mass breeding of purebred pigs, a hybrid sow supply centre was also set up to promote the breeding of hybrid sow in various districts. The institute also established an artificial insemination supply station so that the production system of the three varieties of meat-used pig in the province will be implemented.