Uyen Nguyen HIST A170 Prof. Brent Rudmann Annotated Bibliography Historical Myth In the early of 17th century, the escape from the religious intolerance of Europe of the English Puritans, also known as Pilgrims, to establish freedom in North America (New England) was always mentioned in the textbook version of early New Englanders. The truth was, however, the Pilgrims did not escape Europe to avoid the religious intolerance and to establish freedom but to be taken all their rights by America 's law at that time until the founding fathers established a separation of church and state, from which religious freedom began shaping. Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower. New York: 1 Penguin Group, 2006.
Before the reformists came into play, Roman Catholicism was the predominant form of Christianity in Europe. The Church was still in a high position of power from the previous period, the Middle Ages, a fact that would soon change. Famous figures such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII would question the Church 's authority and forever change how Christianity was viewed. After Martin Luther, there would be a new branch of Christianity known as Protestantism. He redefined the Christian Doctrine.
Copernicus surely deserves a mention, and Magellan and Columbus. And there was the Henrician Brexit, the withdrawal of England from papal and Roman authority by Henry VIII that would make Britain, for the purposes of European power alignments, Protestant, a matter of great historical consequence.” Martin Luther’s relationships Luther was honest about his relationship with his wife. “A major event which helped Luther to appraise the past and caused him to modify the whole structure of his life was his marriage with the former Cistercian nun Katharina von Bora.” He had changed his name and his life. “The role of a husband helped him terminate the guilt caused by his father’s excessive criticism and anger towards his celibacy.
When he was still a teenager he got a job on a Merchant ship until 1470 when armed French pirates attacked the ship as it sailed along the Portuguese coast. The ship sank and he swam for the shore of Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography, and navigation. While learning these things he began to start making his plan to sail west to make his way around the world. When he made his claims to Portugal and Spain he was off on his distances by thousands of miles. This was a terrible mistake because they were to be well unprepared for the long sea journey ahead of them in the unknown waters.
King Henry Viii was a leader during the The Tudor Dynasty, born a dedicated catholic, and converting his religious views for love. Henry VIII was born on June 28, 1491 to King Henry VII, and Elizabeth of York. Henry ascended the throne at the age of 17, and was married to his first wife Catherine of Aragon within the same year. Henry was raised a Catholic like his mother and father. When Henry ascended the throne, England was a Catholic nation and continued to be for most of King Henry’s reign.
Before Virginia was subdivided in 1632, the primary governing body in the colony was the Virginia House of Burgesses. After King Charles I split the region, an assembly developed in the new proprietary colony, Maryland. However the rich Catholics of the region were heavily outnumbered by Protestant farmers, so Cecil Calvert pushed the assembly for a bill that would give religious freedom to all Christians, otherwise known as the Act of Toleration. Although it was repealed after a short civil war, it represented another difference in society from New England, in which any religion other
They eventually became upset after King Henry refused to allow them to make the church pure and departed to the New World. There, the Puritans had to create their own form of government. They formed the Mayflower Compact; a document stating 41 men will work together to govern the people with religion being the center of the colony. The Puritans tried to create a democracy for ruling the people of the New World, but ruling with a democracy was almost impossible for them. Most of the people living in the New World came from England.
One of the most obvious and important examples of religion influencing the processes that in the end triggered a mass migration to another land – is the colonization of America. Later on religion influenced the newly formed societies of colonists that even today historians debate how influential Christianity was in the era of the American Revolution. The issue of religious freedom has played a significant role in the history of the United States and the remainder of North America. Religion and religious divides played a huge role in the founding of the American colonies. Europeans came to America to escape religious oppression and forced beliefs by such state-affiliated Christian churches as the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England.
Both of their journeys had a great cause of the separation from England. Both groups wanted to seek freedom in different ways but still did not come to agreement within themselves beside the fact the wanted to get away from King James and his way of castigation. Pilgrims and Puritan are similar But yet so different. The Pilgrims thought they were elected by god for salvation and only wanted to associate themselves with people
In the year 1620 English colonists or Pilgrims arrived on the shore of the Cape Cod Bay in America, quite a long distance from England. America at that times was known as the New World since many boarded the Mayflower (ship that sailed to America from England carrying supplies and 101 people) to escape from religious persecution, others simply came in order to take part in a new economic enterprise. These were the first people to start the colonization of America however they did face constant difficulties that come with starting all over in a far away place. Yet still despite the horrible conditions the people faced they still chose to continue and deal with those hardships rather than give up. It is seen in Verlyn Klinkenborg’s article “Why was Life so Hard For the Pilgrims?” that the colonists faced many dangerous circumstances and difficulties.
The motivations of the crusaders whose names have been largely forgotten is much more uncertain. As mentioned in an earlier paragraph Urban made appeals that listed both secular and religious reasons to join. Some have argued that since most of the crusaders made no money from the crusade that they were not motivated by a desire for material goods when they joined. This argument is supported by the fact that most of the crusader army returned to Europe rather than staying in the new crusader states which indicates that they didn 't join in order to gain land. However just because the crusaders made no money doesn 't prove that greed didn 't inspire people to join.
He published these observations in the book Sidereus Nuncius (1610). The Catholic Church had formerly opposed Copernicus already in 1543, and met Galileo with the same opposition. The Church declared any documents on heliocentric theory were to be banned and considered heretical in 1616. That same year, Galileo proposed a new theory regarding tides, and three years later one regarding comets, claiming these as proof of the earth’s motion. Eventually in 1632, Galileo published Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which became very popular, much to the alarm of the Catholic Church.