The cocoa pods grow off the limbs and trunks of the trees, when they are ripe, they are then harvested by hand by skilled workers who only select the ripest pods which contain the best flavour. Every cocoa pod contains an average of 20-40 beans, which are enclosed in a thin layer of fruit pulp which is
Banana (Musa acuminata L.) is one of the most important fruits grown in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Bananas are a very popular fruit in Indonesia with high economic importance. They are an important source of nutrients for many people and are eaten mainly raw as a dessert fruit because they are sweet when ripe. Banana production is very widely distributed throughout tropical zones of the world and it is, in general, constant and mostly non-seasonal (Robinson and Sauco, 2010). Bananas are typically harvested while mature-green and then transported to the destination market where they are ripened under controlled conditions.
The bargaining power of Buyer. Here the company how easy it is for buyers to drive prices down. Again, this is driven by the number of buyers, the importance of each individual buyer to company business, the cost to them of switching from company products and services to those of someone else, and so on. If the company deal with few, powerful buyers, then they are often able to dictate terms to the company. Rivalry among existing Competitive.
This intercropping practice requires short period of planting time, smaller area (vacant spaces between coconut trees), provides additional income to coconut farmers and nutritious food for the farm communities. Vegetable intercropping such as tomato, eggplant, sweet pepper, squash, okra, ginger etc. is highly recommended under coconuts aged one to six years old or 26-60 years
Cultivation of Mango Mango belongs to the flowering plant family - Anacardiaceae and it originated in South Asia. It is a tropical fruit and is widely cultivated in various parts of the world. Half of the world’s mangoes are cultivated in India and most of its produce is consumed in the country, with only 1% being traded internationally. (5) Although it is mostly cultivated for the edible fruit, dried seeds and peel of the mango are often used in preparing Ayurvedic medicines. Mango leaves are also used in preparing various medicines which help in preventing cancer of the colon and breast, for controlling blood sugar levels, lowering the cholesterol and for improving digestion.
Looking at the primary activities in the value chain, it can be seen that the the biggest costs are allocated in the bin cold storage and handling, packing and carton cold storage and handling. Although Kromco has an alliance with their suppliers of the fruit, and do give technical assistance to the growers, Kromco is not directly involved on the farms, nor has a direct impact on the fruit delivered by the producers. Primary Activities: Purchasing and raw material: Kromco has an on site pallet manufacturing department, providing 100% of their pallet demand. Together with this, Kromco has a 20% share in APL, providing 90% of their corrugated carton packing material at very competitive prices. All savings on pallets and packing materials are given through to the nett payments back to the producer.
Guava The guava tree (Psidium guajava L.) belongs to the family Myrtaceae. Psidium guajava L. is a cheap fruit that was first cultivated in the Central America. It was distributed worldwide in the early 7th century in some tropical and subtropical places. Nowadays, guavas are commonly found everywhere. Besides, guava is a low evergreen tree or shrub that is 6 to 25 feet high, with wide-spreading branches and square downy twigs.
Bambara groundnut which is primarily grown for its edible seeds are lower in oil content compared to groundnuts, but higher in protein and carbohydrates. The seeds may be consumed fresh, grilled or it may be soaked and boiled before consumption (Sirivongpaisal, 2008). The varieties of the seeds have four colours which are black, red, brown and cream. Although it is a nutritious crop and underutilized in Nigeria. The crop is essentially grown for human
2.0 THE CASSAVA PLANT Cassava, Manihot esculenta, grown basically for its storage roots is a perennial shrub in the family Euphorbiaceae. The cassava plant is a woody plant that may have been first cultivated in brazil is the third largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics and a major staple food in the developing world (Adekunle, Osazuwa, & Raghavan, 2016). Different varieties of cassava possess distinctive characteristics and qualities that enable the various varieties adapt to its environment. The cassava plant as compared to other plants can flourish in drought season and poor soils. It forms a symbiotic association with soil fungi, which makes the cassava plant grow in acidic soils (Adekunle et al., 2016) Growth of the cassava plant is temperature dependent.