Proponents of slavery pointed to a quote in the Bible that stated that Abraham had slaves. Often pointing to the verse " You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male or female servant." Also, in the New Testament, a part of it reads that Paul sends away a runaway slave to his master and though slavery was profound in the Roman era, Jesus did not say anything to condemn the practice. Proponents argued that slavery was divine and that because of slavery, Christianity was brought to the heathen across the ocean.
The American complication with race has multiple positions and outlooks. On the one hand, the white community feels in some way that that blacks focus to much on race and not enough energy on fixing relationships and employment status. At the same time the black community hold a belief that race is still of constitutional importance to American society. Just like Fredrick Douglass stated in the last meeting of the American Antislavery Society, slavery never died. “Had slavery’s death come of moral conviction instead of political and military necessity; had it come in obedience to the enlightenment of the American people; had it come at the call of the humanity…of the slaveholder, as well as the rest of our fellow citizens, slavery might be look upon as honestly dead”.
The late nineteenth century was a pivotal moment in American history. During this time, the Industrial Revolution transformed the nation, railroads had dissipated all throughout the country, and economic classes began to form, separating the wealthy from the poor. One of the wealthiest men of this generation was Andrew Carnegie, a Scottish immigrant who fled to America to make millions off the railroad, oil and even steel businesses. Carnegie is considered one of the richest men in history, and even with all that wealth he decided to give back to the community. As a matter of fact, Carnegie donated most of his funds to charities, universities and libraries in his last few years.
While some of those ideas are correct, they do not paint the full picture of the Revolution after reading Slave Nation. The American Revolution was principally fought to free the colonists from monarchy rule and to the blind obedience it expects. Self governance would allow the colonists to construct their own laws and, armed with this freedom, they could maintain the profitable practice of slave labor. In Slave Nation, the Blumrosen’s remind us of the important role slavery played leading up to the American Revolution. By maintaining it, colonists could form their own way of levying taxes.
This connected free blacks and the churches from the north, which also helped develop and promote black churches. “An African American ordained minister of the Presbyterian Church, visits your town in order to obtain pecuniary aid to enable him to purchase the freedom of his wife and children…” (Doc C). The second great awakening also helped whites to stop thinking about themselves but about others and what there country stands for. Garrison published the “Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Society” (with a point of view of an abolitionist) to influence the growing opposition to slavery. The declaration states that all men are equal so Americas foundation is built on the idea of equality.
Ira Berlin's “”I Will Be Heard!”: William Lloyd Garrison and the Struggle Against Slavery” shows there are a few large influences which help steer William Lloyd Garrison's vehement opinions regarding abolition and equal treatment of blacks. They include; his evangelical faith, his “exuberant idealism that had it roots in the radicalism of the American Revolution,” and most importantly his partnership with Benjamin Lundy(Berlin). Lundy had the experience of years on the road visiting slave states and brought an appreciation to Garrison about “the evil that was chattel bondage”(Berlin). Lundy's influence on Garrison is important because he delivered first hand knowledge and visualizations of the horror of slavery to Garrison. It is one thing
Slavery has sadly been in America from the start. Many have different opinions about slavery whether it should stay or be abandoned and forgotten. Although one person has written to Thomas Jefferson about one of history’s most important subject. Banneker starts it off by writing his strong views on how wrong slavery is not just listing all the problems, but in a letter that he uses strategies to make his view convincing. Benjamin Banneker uses rhetorical strategies such as ethos, logos, and various style elements to argue against slavery.
Although the Bible was the same and both prayed to a God, the interpretation they gave of the teachings and the readings of the Bible were different. The curse of Canaan and his descendants was related to the issue of servility and slavery, the whites used this relationship as a justification that God was in accordance with slavery. As Callahan mentioned in The Poison Book, “Jefferson Davis defended chattel slavery and the foreign slave trade as the “importation of the race of Ham,” fulfillment of Africans’ destiny to be “servants of servants.” They used this text to defend slavery and that blacks had been destined to be slaves. The most important teaching of whites to Christianize blacks was the importance of obedience. The blacks did not believe in what the whites preached.
Edmund Morgan, the author of Slavery and Freedom, wrote about the American contradiction. The fact that Thomas Jefferson, and other political leaders of the American Revolution, said “all men are created equal,” yet owned slaves themselves. “How did England, who prided themselves on liberty of their citizens, produce colonies who controlled lives that were not their own?” Morgan questioned and argued how they created such an effort to keep human liberty and respect intact, while at the same time continue with the labor of slaves, stripping them of their own liberty and self-worth every day. How could all men be equal when a large portion of the population were not having the same equal rights and were owned? Edmund Morgan explains that when Thomas Jefferson writes this famous
Frederick Douglass’ Narrative serves to completely nullify the mythology surrounding slavery. Mythology is a set of stories, traditions, or beliefs associated with a particular group or the history of an event, arising naturally or deliberately fostered. The mythology behind slavery is that it is an institution that “civilizes” African-Americans while also providing them with the benefits of a place to live and work. Douglass refutes this mythology by rebuking the romantic image of slavery, nullifying the belief of black inferiority, and exposing the inculcation of false beliefs in the slaves. Slavery’s romanticized view is tarnished in Douglass’ Narrative with the use of vivid imagery and specific diction that depict the true conditions of
Thomas Paine was opposed to slavery due to the quote he said. "Slave, who is proper owner of his freedom, has the right to reclaim it, however often sold." He goes on to say the African slaves were forced into the slavery due to the Europeans bring liquor to there land, bribing one against another, and hiring tribes to fight other tribes. Thomas Paine was an original member of the Anti Slavery formed in Philadelphia. Thomas Paine was also wrote in the Pennsylvania Journal how it was wrong to have Slaves.
• Here is the question for Module One Discussion: Using evidence from the textbook, your own knowledge, and from real life, answer this question: Was America founded on the idea of freedom and liberty OR was America founded upon slavery? The birthing of a nation is no small feat, when the complex natures of competing forces collide. The Spanish, French, Dutch and English laid claim to swaths of Northern America and pledged allegiance to their mother-lands at the peak of European global colonization in the fifteenth and sixteen centuries. This European mass immigration to the new world drug the unwilling Africans with them in their quest for money and power. Ironically the ideals behind the Europeans immigration, particularly the British,
They agreed that slavery trespassed the most basic principle in the Declaration of Independence where it states, “All men are created equal” (pg 422). This shows how these two sides testifying their opinions about slavery could divide the nation. Many people in the North argue for the slavery to be banned (pg 397). However, Southern slave owners defend slavery because by their slaves, their production like cotton is increasing which is helping the South (pg 397). Another important evidence is
Garrison 's hatred of slavery, it is suggested by the author, should not be equated with hatred of slaveholders. William Lloyd Garrison, not Theodore Dwight Weld, is seen as the pre-eminent figure among the reformers. His special role as "an antislavery symbol" is emphasized. The Tappan’s, William Jay, James G. Birney, John Quincy Adams, Joshua R. Giddings, and dozens of others are discussed in their historical context. The role of African Americans like Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman is not overlooked.
The Civil War began over the South wanting to withdraw from the North or the Union. The South and North were having several issues with each other and the biggest was slavery and new land ownership. Let’s all be clear on this issue, slavery anywhere in the world, is wrong period, no exceptions and no excuses. But if we look at slavery in early America, we learned that the North and South was the same on the issue, and that issue was racism. There were some northerners that had no issue with slavery, and some southerners had issues with slavery.