phaseolina. However, there was a non-significant reduction in the shoot and root length (0.5-2.0% and 0.4-1.6%) by thiram, vitavax and mancozeb. Treatment with mancozeb showed a significant reduction in the root dry weight in uninoculated soil by 8.3% over control. The mungbean plants inoculated with M. phaseolina caused 38.1 and 32.1% reduction in the shoot and root length. Treatment with fungicides however, checked the suppressive effects of the fungus and increased the shoot length by 13.1-25.4%.
STZ is a poisonous glucose twin that piles up in pancreatic beta cells via glucose conveyor GLUT2. Once STZ enters into the cell; it suppress the glucose metabolism and insulin release from beta cells and impairs the pancreas. This leads to changes in body weight, huge elevation in blood and urine sugar levels and gradual fall in the insulin levels of the test animals. Body weight decreases in of diabetic rats due to defect in glucose metabolism and increase in muscle wasting. Though DT rats showed a gradual increase in body weight at the terminus of experimental period, the body weight of DT group was significantly lower than N group but significantly higher than D group.
I predict that the more baking powder added to the vinegar, the more reaction will take place causing for more gas to be produced per 10 seconds. There will be a gradual decrease in difference between volume in gas per 10 seconds over the duration of time. I predict that the more baking powder is added, the more gas will be produced because there is more vinegar to react with baking powder The chemical name for baking powder is sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and vinegar is acetic acid
Agitation rpm level tannase production Agitation rate was at a range of 50 to 250 rpm level was chosen to determine the optimal rate. It was found that an agitation rate of 100 rpm at pH 6.0 and 37°C maximum yield of tannase production of 3.12 U/ml (Fig.4) it was also noted that an increase in agitation speed above100 rpm resulted in a drastic fall in tannase enzyme production. The agitation speed below 100 rpm level resulted in an inadequate mixing of the broth towards of the broth. Towards the later stages of growth. Effect of carbon and nitrogen sources
In FTIR spectroscopy, there is a reduction of the value indicating that the connected populations of CH2 increases with the cholesterol ratio, which is totally compatible with the water permeability decrease via the reduction of kinks . Contribution of the interphase. Traüble´s proposal was developed further to understand the mechanism of water permeation in lipid bilayers by Haines and Liebovitz .
The difference in pH in fructose-glycine of pH5 is negligible but there is a difference in pH in fructose-glycine of pH8. This happens because the fructose sugar degrades more rapidly than the amino acids. At the same time, glycine was moderately lost below pH8. The final value of pH is dependent on the formation and degradation of sugar and amino acid.
Later, 5ml of 1 x 10-6 M of mepyramine was added into the reservoir containing 1000ml of Krebs-Henssleit solution to produce a FBC of 5.0 x 10-9M. It was equilibrated with tissue for 10 minutes by flushing into the organ bath. After that, the steps above were repeated to test tissue response using 5ml of 1 x 10-5M and 1 x 10-4M of mepyramine. The experiment was repeated by replacing mepyramine with SIPBSDrug A as the antagonist. Lastly, concentration-response curve with Hill-Langmuir equation and Schild Plot were plotted using Bio-Graph. KB and pA2 values for mepyramine and SIPBSDrug A were calculated based on Schild plots and Gaddum
8). The optimum ionic strength for red pigment production by M. purpureus was 1% NaCl. These results may be due to the increasing of electrolyte concentrations in saline environments tending to inhibit metabolic functions of the cells (Adler et al. 1982). The highest growth and red pigment production obtained from medium containing amino acid was L- tryptophan (4.75 ± 0.09 A500) and maximum dry cell mass was (3.9 ± 0.02 g/l) as shown in fig.
The temperature of the SPM gets increased by 1oC for every test tube solution, until test tube 7 with an SPM temperature of 40oC. After all the absorbencies for the varying temperatures had been recorded – the product concentration of each test tube solution was calculated using the absorbency readings at 10 minutes for each respective test tube mixture. The product concentration was calculated using Beer-Lamberts’ law of A = ECL. A graph plotting the product concentration against their corresponding temperatures was then drawn up, the peak of the graph being the optimal
As seen in the trend of both buffer, once the pH is lower than 3, the slope of dv/dpH increase drastically, showing the decreasing effects of the buffer. On the other hand, in the trend of both buffer on the right side of graph shows when NaOH is added, the change in pH is more drastic once past about pH 5. Although buffer 1 and buffer 2 shows a similar trend, the plot of buffer 1 is above the plot of buffer 2. The reason for this is that buffer 1 is made by an acid and base with an almost equal concentration. This makes buffer 1 a greater buffer compared to buffer 2. This is not true for Buffer 2 because the because NaOH was added to acetic acid to form acetate ions as conjugate base:
The voltammetric measurement has been performed by transferring the oxidized TMB solution to the 96X carbon electrode. Thus, linear sweep voltammetry were measured by sweeping the potential from +6.00 to -2.00 mV. The calibration curve couldn 't be plotted with the obtained voltammograms, therefore, the cocaine-benzoylecgonine antibody concentration has been raised to 0.05 µg/ml (10 fold more) and the tracer dilution ratio to 1:10000. That leads to increase the absorbance (OD) detected by ELISA to 4. The obtained voltammograms were investigated and the calibration curve was plotted. It showed non linear four parameter logistic relationship fit between the concentration of cocaine and the potential applied.
The purpose of this lab was to measure the amount of CO2 gas given off by germinated peas under certain conditions of light. We conjectured that the more amount of light the peas are exposed to, the higher the respiration rate they will have. Our data supported this because it showed that the germinated peas that were exposed to light 24 hours before the experiment had a steeper slope (as seen in table 1), therefore having a greater respiration rate. The peas that were not exposed to any light 24 hours before the experiment had a reduced rate because of its lack of exposure to light. Both pea’s respiration rates showed that the more light the peas were exposed to, the greater respiration rate they would have (Figure 1).
Pharmacologic treatments for diastolic heart failure and systolic heart failure are similar in the fact they both should include an ACEI, an ARB, beta blocker, and a diuretic. The following dosages and instructions are available for both heart failures. For ACEI, the treatment should be initiated at low dosages and slowly titrated upward if the patient tolerates them. Captopril should be taken by mouth on an empty stomach (at least 1 hour before meals) usually two to three times a day starting at 6.25 mg initially then increasing to 50 mg three times a day. If a patient is unable to tolerate an ACEI, an ARB would be beneficial because they do not create the same reaction.
The control in the experiment is water. Units used while timing the productivity of gas from an Alka-Seltzer tablet in different temperatures is, seconds. In order to find out if temperature controls the rate of chemical reaction, whether hot water is a more effective way to make the gas produce at a faster speed, it would be necessary to compare the results of different temperatures at the end of each trial. In order to do this the scientists will measure the volume of gas that is produced within a 10 second interval time after the tablet begins to react.