Pity In King Lear Analysis

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I am going to explain the role and function of pity and fear in King Lear and Ran. The role of pity and fear in King Lear is the facilitator of accessing other human life. Through pity, audience could identify with the characters easily, therefore, we can experience the consequence of doing certain things from the play without taking the effect personally. In King Lear, pity elicits in the discrepancies between the characters and their fate or situation and effect the a. For example, we pity Edmund when he was mistreated by his father. In Act 1 Scene 1, Edmund was publicly insulted and humiliated by his own father Gloucester just because he is the illegitimate son who was given birth by a mistress. This incident occurs between Edmund and…show more content…
Fear is evoked when there is a likeness between the characters and us. With this fear, audience would identify themselves with the characters and fear of their own fate, then, they may think deeply about the cause of such situation so it may also serve as an alert. For example, In King Lear, fear is aroused by the misfortune of characters like ourselves. The misfortune of Lear arouses our fear because he is not completely upright nor wicked, just like the most of the audience. Although he has a tragic flaw – egotism as shown in Act 1 Scene 1, he also shows his humbleness and empathy for the poor and homeless people in Act 3 Scene 4, revealing his nature is not vice nor wicked, like the audience. However, with a simple error - the arrangement of splitting up his kingdom between his three daughters by their expression of love in speech, his downfall was triggered and the devastating consequences are continuously shown until he is destroyed. In his downfall, we are afraid of him the most when he goes mad in Act 3 such as screaming towards the thunderstorm and lightening. Apart from fear towards the deed of King Lear, we also fear of our fate of becoming a madman like Lear as we identify with him. Therefore, terror makes us connect to the characters and reflect on ourselves, or even alert to the mistakes that characters made because of the similarity we share with

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