were termed as ‘Dharma sutras’. It consisted of prose in the form of short maxims (Sutras)and were written by the teachers expounding vedas for the sake of their students . Gautama, Bandhayana, Apatamba, Basistha and Vishnu were the important dharmasutra authors. Whereas later smrirtis were termed as ‘Dharma sashtras’ . They are composed in the form of poetry (shlokas).
The Two Great Indian Epics The Indian mythology consists of two great ancient epics The Mahabharata and The Ramayana. The Mahabharata was authored by Veda Vyasa known so as he had also compiled the four Vedas. Ramayana was authored by Valmiki. Both epics revolve around the concept of dharma and in both epics the protagonist is an avatar of Vishnu. Bhagavad Gita: What Krishna told Arjuna Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important texts in Hinduism as in it, god speaks directly to man.
The holy books of Hinduism are the Vedas, the Smriti, Amayana, Mahabharata and also the Purans. The Vedas is said to be the oldest of the Hindu writings, it was written in early Sanskrit and has hymns, philosophy, and guidance on rituals for priests. It is believed to have been directly related to the early Aryans in India, and they preserved it by oral
The Bhagavad-Gita is significant as a scriptural form in that it contains the idea of revelation occurring through incarnation. God (Visnu) incarnates himself in the human form of Krishna, a prince and chariot driver, to teach people divine truth. (Symbolized by Arjuna, the warrior whose chariot Krishna drives) The story of The Bhagavad-Gita is start with Krishna joins Arjuna on the eve of battle between two related dynasties, the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Arjuna sees his own relatives on both opposing sides and is full of anxiety. Disguised as his charioteer, Krishna explains how one should follow one’s calling in life and for Arjuna this is as a warrior.
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most important philosophical and religious classics in the world. It systematically synthesizes both rational analysis and religious inspiration in answering the fundamental questions of existence. The major ideas woven together in the Gita has their roots in ancient Indian texts like the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Samkhya and Yoga systems. A number of chapters in the Gita are soaked in the concept of the three gunas of the Samkhya Philosophy. These three gunas are ‘satwa’, ‘rajas’ and ‘tamas’.
There are several verses which are recited in the form of Hindu prayers at many religious Hindu functions and a number of other occasions, thus making the Rig Veda one of the oldest religious written pieces of the world in use. In fact, the Rig Veda is among the oldest remaining scripts from the Indo-European language. Literary and philological research suggest that the Rig Veda was created in Indian sub-continent 's north-western
The Ramayana is a myth poem written in Sanskrit by Valmiki, it belongs to the Hindu culture. The Indian culture is full of myths, and stories that carry lessons and experience from generation to another. Most of those myths are oral; however, this popular myth (Ramayana) has been written and documented, which is one of the reasons that make it sacred by the Hindu nation, and popular in the world of literature. The Ramayana consists of twenty four thousand verses in seven books, and five hundred cantos. It tells the story of Rama (The seventh avatar of the Hindu supreme god Vishnu) whose wife Sita was kidnapped by the king of Lanka (Current Sri Lanka) and his name was Ravana.
ishna who has imparted the ancient ultimate spiritual knowledge through this scripture, Sage Vyasa who is the author who composed the verses for Bhagavad Geetha, Mahabhatratha, the longest and fantastic epic in the world in which Bhagavad Geetha forms a portion, an overall view of Bhagavad Geetha, some of the the Vedic and Upanishadic verses the essence of which are found in this scripture, the essential teachings of Bhagavad Geetha, a few of the oft repeated terms found in this Scripture and their multiple meanings, defense against the main criticisms leveled against this sacred scripture, the greatness of Bhagavad Geetha and the sayings of a few great men appreciating and marveling at the supreme
the grandson of Arjuna and Subhadra (sister of Lord Krishna) who was the son of Abhimanyu (Arjuna’s son who was killed in the war). The Divine Song- The Bhagavad Geetha Bhagavad Geetha appears in the sixth book -the Bheeshma Parva of Mahaabhaaratha with eighteen chapters. The Bhagavad Geetha Parva in the Bheeshma Parva starts from section 13 onwards. Sections 13 to 24 deal with the conversation between Sanjaya and King Dhritharaashtra. These chapters tell about Sanjaya's return to Hasthinapur (capital of the Kaurava kingdom) from the battlefield at Kurukshetra and approaching king Dhritharaashtra at the end of 10th day of war with the news that Bheeshma the grandsire was hit and mortally wounded by the arrows of Arjuna, the king asking Sanjaya to tell him how the grandsire Bheeshma could be defeated, Sanjaya giving an account of the great warriors both on the
The Minakata Mandala op.1 (see Fig.5) which is well-known and well-studied drawing of Kumagusu appears in his letter to Hōryu, written on July 18, 1903. In Shingon school, there are two main mandalas which symbolises the two realms of the universe. One expresses the Vairocana Tantra (dainichi kyō, 大日経) and is known as the Womb Realm (Sanskrit: Garbhadhatu, Taizōkai Mandala, 胎蔵界曼荼羅). The other expresses the Vajrasekhara Tantra (kongōchō kyō, 金剛頂経) and is known as the Diamond Realm (Sanskrit: Vajrhadhatu, Kongōkai Mandala, 金剛界曼荼羅). These two mandalas are always displayed in a set (nini-funi, 二而不而 or 而二不二) and are considered to be an expression of the entirety of Dharma.