Many parents/guardians sold their children into labor in order to fend for themselves and also support themselves. This problem correlates to the factor that focused on economic pressures. Children needed to support their poor families and to get food on the table. According to the article titled, “Child Laborers Working over 60 hours Week in Slums of Bangladesh”, the author described, “Children cited the economic pressures facing their family as the main reason for entering the world of work.” The final factor is that most managers of sweatshop factories did not believe that their child labor and harsh working conditions were harmful or illegal. If they were unaware of how really malicious their tactics truly were, how could they have fixed their ways and improve their conditions?
Despite the great wealth the United States possesses, it has for long struggled with poverty which is said to be inherited from one generation to another. The culture of poverty hinders those affected from economic betterment however much assistance they obtain from social programs put in place. The term Culture of poverty is believed to have been coined by Oscar Lewis, who suggested that children who grow up in poverty-stricken families are highly likely to adopt the norms and practices that encourage poverty. Thus, these children, he believed, would replicate the adapted values in their lives which would in turn generate a cycle of intergenerational poverty in the long run (Bell et al, 2013). Thus the culture of poverty is a topic which creates heated debates in both the public and political arenas.
Children who do not have money are more likely to work at places that are very harmful. For example, “Places such as agriculture, mining, and construction all lead to poverty related health problems” (“Hunt”). Children work hard in these types of places because they have no other option to earn their way of living at such a young age. Poverty related health problems such as “Malnutrition, fatigue, and anemia can increase the risks of permanent disabilities and premature death” (“Hunt”). There has to be another option for a child rather than to be put into child labor.
They do exhausting work to earn their living, and expect their children to do the same; indeed, the mother bluntly states that one reason for having children is so that they can work, and bring more money to the family. The abstract of the movie tries to elucidate that the poor were ennobled by their suffering; life living standard is so pathetic that the whole family work hard at mines to fulfill their daily needs still not sufficient because they were under paid. No labor law was there to protect the interest of the workers, no safety equipment was provided. On same ground rich were getting richer only at one incident of depression happened in late 19th century when industries and labor class were getting affected but the owners managed their profit by deducting the wages. A huge dissatisfaction and anger was there in society as the thumb rule says 80% are poor people ruled by 20% rich, but here more than 80% people were labour class/ workers, getting under paid.
The subject of sweatshop and child labor is one of great controversy. The first thought to mind when speaking of sweatshops is probably a vision of sketchy factories in far off Third World countries such as Bangladesh or China working their employees 15+ hours a day in cramped up in a dust-filled space for little wages. Not in America though, right? Most Americans would be horribly upset if they found out they had been unknowingly supporting a business that uses sweatshops to produce its merchandise. Odds are though, businesses that exploit such labor are being supported in every shopping trip a person takes whether it be shopping for groceries, clothes, jewelry, or athletic gear.
There were now many openings for jobs as well, as employers needed many workers during this time to work in these factories and mines, to make sure that they produced great results. However with all these positives there comes negatives and these all begin with child labour. The Industrial Revolution introduced child labour as a cheap-effective way to get work done, and since then it has left a print on our world. This is evident as children would often work approximately 12-14 hours a day for a very minimal wage with little to no breaks. Many children also suffered many different injuries such as a variety of physical deformities and many lung diseases because of the contaminated air which they breathed in frequently, trough their young, childhood years.
The most prevalent being From the Ruins of Empire by Pankaj Mishra and The Problematization of Poverty the Tale of Three Worlds and Development by Arturo Escobar. Both of these works have an argument based on the Western idea of poverty. These pieces discuss the foreign effects and ideas of poverty, as well as the forced action provided. While Planet of Slums argues on the prevalence of poor living situations throughout the globe and the lack of any sort of aid from foreign or local governments. All three writings focus on poverty and poor situations of living, but some find aid while others continue to increase rapidly all over the
Working in these factories means more hours, low wages and terrible conditions. And most of the regulatory boards are controlled by money and none will interfere in this injustice. Some work 100 hours per week and receive only a cent per hour ? Would you be able to live your life with $1.25 per day? You my tell me that the minimum wage is strict but even when educated people like us are taken advantage then what is the condition of the poor people out there.
Even though women were paid in low wages and given in least skilled jobs, they still wanted to go to factories to work. On the other hand, working in the factories helped women to establish their new image, they proved to all the men that they could do what men did and they could be independent. As a result, the number of working women increased by 25 percent (The Roaring Twenties, page 2). Because women in the twenties thought openly, many single and married women wanted to earn higher-paying jobs (Women’s Role in the 1920s). Since women could work by themselves, they seldom went back home.
Reasons for trafficking include both supply and demand factors. Firstly, many researchers argue that poverty adds to the supply of humans available for trafficking. India is a developing country it is known that poverty is still widespread today. Being a poverty stricken country would mean that their living conditions remain unpleasant and undesirable, often leaving them with no power as citizens remain at the disposal of capitalist, especially in the global economy. Individuals in India who participate in criminal actvity are more often than not caught in the cycle of poverty as well, hence seeing the need to to find alternatives for survival.