Plant Biotechnology

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Plant biotechnology can be defined as the application of knowledge which obtained from the study of life sciences that can be used to create technological improvements in plant species. The improvement of the technology in plant species can overcome some problems and also get more yields to increase the country’s economy. By this very broad definition, plant biotechnology has been conducted for more than ten thousand years. Plant biotechnology was founded on the demonstrated totipotency of plant cells, combined with the delivery, stable integration, and expression of the transgenes in plant cells, the regeneration of transformed plants, and the Mendelian transmission of transgenes to the progeny. The concept of totipotency itself is inherent…show more content…
Scientists could use the molecular markers for selecting a desired gene even in the absence of the visible traits in plants and animals by examining an organisms’ DNA. Therefore, the techniques of breeding are more efficient and precise. For example, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture was using the molecular markers to get the cowpea which is resistant to a beetle that called as bruchid, the disease resistant to white yam and cassava is resistant to Cassava Mosaic Disease. Else, another uses of the molecular markers is to identify the undesirable genes which can be removed in the future generations. Molecular diagnostics are the techniques which used to detect a very precise and specific genes and gene products. This method is used to diagnose crop or livestock diseases with more accurately in agriculture. Vaccines which are derived by the biotechnology are widely used in livestock and humans. These biogenic vaccines could be cheaper, better and safer than the traditional vaccines. They are more stable at room temperature, so, they no need to store in refrigerator. This is an advantage for some small farmers that live in the tropical countries. There are some of the new vaccine will provide the protection for the first time against certain infectious disease. For example, in the Philippines, the hemorrhagic septicemia which is a leading cause of the death for cattle and water buffalo had been against by the new improved vaccine which was developed by the biotechnology to protect the cattle and the water buffalo. Lastly, plant tissue culture is the regeneration of the plants from the disease- free plant parts in vitro. This techniques allows the disease- free planting material propagated crops.

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