The Role Of Plant Farming In Agriculture

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Farming is an integral part of our society today. It has been the reason that humans are able to take root in one place and not have to move from location to location. Plant breeding has been the most important part to this way of life. As time has progressed humans have been able to manipulate and create new species and varieties of plant life. At first plant breeding was a field hidden underneath the burden of primitive ages but as technology has advanced, scientists have been able to develop tools and methods to incorporate plant breeding in farming. Humans today, continue to develop new species of plants for different climates and terrain around the world. The population continues to grow and with this comes the need to design…show more content…
During the Bronze Age, domestication of plants and animals transformed the profession of the early humans from hunting and gathering to selective hunting, herding and finally to settled agriculture. Eventually farming enabled people to establish settlements and expand urban based societies. Agriculture depends quite heavily on the advances that have been made in science, and chemistry in particular, to maximize the yield of crops and animal products. Fertilizers, pesticides, and antibiotics play ever increasing roles in this field. An article named Role of Chemistry 's in Feeding Growing World says, “A recent assessment found that about 40 to 60% of crop yields are attributable to commercial fertilizer use”( Fertilizers are added to the soil in which crops are growing to provide nutrients needed by the plants. Both organic and inorganic fertilizers supply the nutrients required for maximum growth of the crop. Inorganic fertilizers contain higher concentrations of chemicals that may be in short supply in the dirt. The major nutrients in inorganic fertilizers are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These fertilizers also may provide other nutrients in much smaller amounts. With the expansion of cities due to increases in population, there has been a loss of farming land. Appropriate use of fertilizers to increase crop yield has in part compensated this loss of
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