Muscle glycogen is converted into glucose by muscle cells, and liver glycogen converts to glucose for use throughout the body including the central nervous system. Glycogen is the analogue of starch, a glucose polymer that functions as energy storage in plants. It has a structure similar to amylopectin (a component of starch), but is more extensively branched and compact than starch. Both are white powders in their dry state. Glycogen is found in the form of granules in thecytosol/cytoplasm in many cell types, and plays an important role in the glucose cycle.
In photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water are used to produce glucose and the by-product oxygen, and there is an intake of energy. In respiration, on the other hand, glucose and oxygen are broken down into carbon dioxide and water, and there is a release of energy. Basically, the products of one serve as the reactants of the other, and vice versa. As the name suggests, light-independent reactions do not need the presence of light to function. The process occurs in the stroma and it produces G3P, which is used for carbohydrates such as glucose.
ASSIGNMENT 02 DUE DATE: 15 SEPTEMBER 2017 UNIQUE NUMBER: 76029608 STUDENT NUMBER: 62449842 Question 1 The general pathways for ATP generation include aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration and fermentation. Aerobic respiration can be referred to as the breakdown of glucose molecules in the presence of oxygen and water to release energy in the form of ATP. The other products of this reaction include carbon dioxide and water. The overall equation for aerobic respiration is C6H12O6+6O2+ H2O→ 6CO2 +12H2O+ energy (ATP). During aerobic respiration, there are different stages that occur these include glycolysis, formation of acetyl-CoA, the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) and oxidative phosphorylation.
Introduction Enzymes regulate the biochemical processes in various organisms. The enzymes catalyze reactions and at times help with the generation of the ATP, which is an energy source. Among the enzymes of biological importance is the succinyl CoA synthetase. The essay focuses on the structure, functions, and relations of succinyl CoA synthetase. The molecular weight and the subunit structure Succinyl- CoA synthetase enzyme is a heterotetramer with both an alpha and beta subunits.
For example glucose, the most important for living organisms. Metabolism Each processes requires energy to begin. This term is basically associated with energy. Metabolism is a sequence of chemical reactions which is used to produce one or more products. Our body gain most of its energy from Fats, then from carbohydrates and the least one from proteins.
Introduction: Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and specific types of bacteria in order to make their own food source from sunlight to chemical energy. It is mainly occurred within the leaves of the plant. The reaction requires light energy in order for it to be absorbed by chlorophyll. During the reaction carbon dioxide, water is converted into glucose and oxygen as shown below: Figure 1 (photosynthesis uses light energy to convert carbon dioxide into a carbohydrate) (The Chemical Equation of Photosynthesis. 2018, Accessed 16 March 2018) There are two types of photosynthetic processes; one includes oxygenic photosynthesis, which is most common and demonstrated through plants, algae and cyanobacteria while the other one is an-oxygenic photosynthesis.
The Effect of Sugar Concentration on CO2 Production by Cellular Respiration in Yeast Introduction In this lab, our main focus was to find how sugar concentration affect yeast respiration rates. This was to simulate the process of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process that cells use to transfer energy from the organic molecules in food to ATP (Adenosine Tri-Phosphate). Glucose, CO2, and yeast (used as a catalyst in this experiment) are a few of the many vital components that contribute to cellular respiration. Sugar/ glucose is an important carbohydrate that can be made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight.
I) Research Question: To what extent does light effect the rate of photosynthesis in green spinach leaves? II) Hypothesis: If the leaf is exposed to light in the presence of a Carbon source, then the leaf disks float to the surface of the solution due to an increased rate of Oxygen (O2) production through photosynthesis. III) Hypothesis Explanation: when light is absorbed by leaf pigments such as chlorophyll A or B, electrons within each photosystem are boosted to a higher energy level. Leafs then produce Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to reduce NADPH (ferredoxin), and incorporate Carbon dioxide (CO2) into organic molecules in a process called carbon fixation. When leaves are put in the water and undergo the process of the light-dependent reaction, oxygen is produced and released into the interior of the leaf which causes them to rise.
Cell Respiration Lab Research Question What is the optimal temperature for germinating pea-seeds where the rate of respiration is the greatest? Background Information Cell Respiration refers to the biochemical process conducted by the cells of an organism that combines glucose and oxygen to produce energy in the form of ATP, along with two by-products, water and carbon dioxide. The equation representing this chemical reaction is shown below. C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP Although plants and animals have different methods of obtaining glucose, the cell respiration process occurs in both types of organisms. Many external factors in the environment may affect the organism's’ rate of respiration such as the temperature of the surrounding,
This consist on, the absorption of light energy that usually comes from sunlight, which is used to produced glucose by also taking additional carbon dioxide(CO2) and water from the surroundings, and as a result one of the end products of the process is the release of Oxygen (O2). Therefore, linking back to what was mentioned before, under natural