When these organisms become poisoned due to plastic consumption, this causes problems for the larger animals that depend on them for food. This can lead problems, in each step further along the food chain. Plus, there is plastic present in the fish that many people eat every day. • Leads to Land Pollution When plastic is dumped in landfills, it comes in contact with water and form hazardous chemicals. When these chemicals goes underground, they pollute the water quality.
Due to the negative effects caused from plastic it will always play a role in our environment. One hundred different chemicals have been created after the 1950s to the current day. Something people do not realize is that throwing a plastic wrapper on the ground will end up in a birds stomach, burning plastic in a fire will end up in the air we breathe, and recycling plastic will end up back in our homes. The author states, “I don’t even shop anymore. Anything I need will just float
Lately, the studies and tests demonstrate the impact of plastic materials not only on the human health, but also animals, and the environment. Consequently, this has led to the need to tread carefully to protect from damage and polluting effects that it caused by. Studies also show that “People are exposed to chemicals from plastic multiple times
Because they are unable to untangle themselves, they also die from starvation or from their inability to escape predators. On a report in 2006 called Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans, It was estimated that at least 267 different animal species have suffered from entanglement and ingestion of plastic debris. Some species are consumers of jelly fish, but often mistake plastic bags for their natural prey, which obstructs the oesophagus of sea turtles therefor killing them. It has been estimated that about 400,000 marine mammals die annually due to plastic pollutions in the ocean. As said by Friedrich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra “One must be a sea, to receive a polluted stream without becoming impure”.
Plastic cannot just disappear, and everyday millions of plastic items are being used, a lot for only one day before being thrown out. It harms our wildlife, pollutes our oceans, and has been shown to be linked to cancer, birth defects, and immune deformations. Every year billions of tons of plastic trash are piled up around the world in landfills or are littered throughout. So why is plastic still used despite all these negative effects? The biggest reason
1.0 Introduction Plastics have proven to be essential to society. The versatile nature of plastics makes it one of the most sought-after material. According to The New York Times (2011), close to 300 million tons of plastic is being produced annually. Furthermore, an article by The World Counts (2014) suggests that only 1 to 3% of the plastic produced is recycled globally. Even more worrying is the fact that plastic is a non-biodegradable material which means that it is extremely difficult to dispose of, thus resulting in a surplus of unwanted plastic that has no means of proper disposal.
Plastic bags are bad for the environment. They are made from dangerous chemicals, pollute our oceans and land, and are costly to clean up. Banning or taxing them could lead to a long term solution to the plastic waste problem. Most plastic bags are made from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polypropylene, and polychlorinated biphenyl, which are known hormone disrupting chemicals. They take many years to break down, end up polluting our world, and harming life forms.
Many studies show the adverse effects of plastic on ecosystem. Plants, animals and humans are getting equally affected. Studies showed the micro particles of plastics are found in muscles of fishes. This is toxic for them and fishes are dead because of it. By this the particles are also entering the food chain and affecting even other organisms.
After looking into habitat destruction, I discovered that because of humans have been using too many plastic bags and afterwards have thrown them into the water, it has resulted in the death of approximately 100 thousand marine creatures. (Good, 2016) Plastic is a very harmful substance, and a lot of marine animals mistake it as jellyfish. Therefore, it causes them indigestion and consequently, a very painful death. (Animal Friends Croatia, n.d.) There are about 1 trillion plastic bags are used per year around the world. (Crusaders, n.d.) If this figure continues to increase, the lives of many animals will be at risk; and I find that unacceptable.
Therefore, plastics have a great contribution to the safety of water and food packaging, and subsequently to the consumers’ health. Water has become an essential issue in cities, and the storage and supply of clean water are often provided through plastics (Thompson et al. 2009). Moreover, plastic can be easily manufactured, and it is established in the various water distribution and control systems; for example, land drainage, storm water, irrigation and sewerage. This shows that plastic is a widely used building material of many useful items; nevertheless, plastic has some weaknesses.