One of the creatures that are greatly affected are sea turtles. When the turtles are looking for food they will occasionally spot a plastic bag, mistake it for a jellyfish, and eat it (Wroble 40). The plastic cannot be easily digested and will stay in the turtle 's stomach for many years, and when too much plastic accumulates in its stomach it will die. Plastic does not only harm animals from consumption but also by making everyday activities harder (Wroble 40). It can get entangled in a fishes fins and gills or get stuck in a birds feet or feathers and make flight impossible.
During most oil spills, seabirds are harmed and killed in greater numbers than other kinds of creatures. Many baby animals and birds starve to death lost and alone, since their parents cannot search for their natural body scent. Since oils can float on the surface of water, the creatures most affected by oil are animals such as sea otters and seabirds that are found on the ocean surface or on coastlines. Sea otters can be harmed by oil with ease, since
When fish consume the plastic, it will move up the food chain and affect other aquatic animals that consume fish. “Endangered wildlife like Hawaiian Monk Seals and Pacific Loggerhead Sea Turtles are among nearly 300 species that eat and get caught in plastic litter” (“Ocean Plastic Pollution”). If an animal gets caught in plastic, then it could suffocate them. “In 2008, two sperm whales were found stranded along the California coast with large amounts of fishing net scrapes, and other plastic debris in their stomachs” (“Ocean Plastic Pollution”). When an animal eats plastic, it causes their minds to believe that they are full but plastic does not give them the nutrients that they need and will cause them to starve.
Bottled water is also being attacked due to the outrageous price of water bottles. Each of these problems are often overlooked and not worried about. Though each problem can cause great disaster to the environment and human health. These are all very bad effects from bottled water. Many people don’t see these impacts or know what these impacts actually cause.
Finally, it kills many non-commercial fish, reducing their populations uselessly. Trawling at certain times, may have 80- 90% bycatch, which is sea life that was not supposed to be caught. The dead fish that are bycatch are then thrown back into the ocean. For
Conclusion To conclude, littering is a serious global problem, littering is caused by people because they are lazy, lack environmental knowledge or because there aren’t enough waste bags around. Littereing can affect many ecosystems and creatures and can emit greenhouse gases therefore causing global warming. In order to stop littering, people can use reusable bags when shopping. Bibliography Anon., 2005. Effects of Marine Litter.
Also, storms can destroy reefs, also often caused by humans affecting the environment. Around 50% of our coral has died, and this has a major impact on many other organisms, and the world in general. Many fish live in reefs, and need it survive, and this ruins the ocean, the most important part of the Earth. This comes back to hurt us as well. Eutrophication is a process in which excess nutrients
Certain species have a huge impact to an ecosystem, but even the smallest fish could have the biggest impact. Overfishing occurs when more fish are caught than the population can replace through natural reproduction (overfishing). The results not only affect the balance of life in the oceans, but could also affect the coastal areas that depend on fish for their way of life. For centuries, our seas and oceans seem to be considered a limitless food supply. But that is not the case, increasing fishing efforts over the last fifty years as well as unjustifiable fishing practices are pushing many fish stocks to the point of extinction.
Based on Marine Pollution Bulletin 2002 written by Jose G.B. Derraik, 267 species, including invertebrates, fish, turtles, seabirds and mammals had been reported to be entangled in plastic debris like derelict fishing nets and plastic bags. When the plastics entangle the animals, they will end up suffocating and drowning. Entanglement in plastics will restrict the movement of animals to catch for foods which may result in starvation. The plastics will also cut into their flesh if they grow in size while being entangled in derelict nets or circular plastic packaging.
When these actions are made, the wind may blow them into the trees, bushes, and even water sources including lakes, ponds, rivers and oceans. According to the movie Bag It, there was over 5 tons of plastic brought out of the one specific area in the ocean and over 100,000 marine life die per year. These oceans are so over crowded with plastic wastes, which do not decompose, that these animals have been eating it and dying because it will not properly go through their digestive system. Overall, if people opened up their eyes and realized the amount of damage they have created, then we would be able to fix ourselves and the environment in which we live in. Majority of the solution includes supplying your own bags, bottles and change your plastic tupperware containers to glass.