It will also cause the animal to not be able breathe properly under the sea (West, 2017). Toxic materials such as chemical and pesticide that spill from industry to the ocean also will poison the marine species. Rubbish like plastic bag and Styrofoam that human throw to the sea also cause water pollution and harm the marine species. Some animals might accidentally eat the rubbish because they will thought that are their food. Many plastic bag have been found that blocking breathing system and stomach of many marine species.
The accumulation of plastics within ecosystem causes various adverse effects on wildlife, animals, plants etc. Plastic wastes are categorized into micro-plastics, meso-plastics and macro-plastics depending upon their internal structure, density, size etc. The increase in usage of plastics is correlated with its price and durability which lends to high level of debris in ecosystem. Plastics pose a threat to terrestrial as well as marine ecosystem no matter how often they are disposed. They are persistent and it is known that the parts of them that degrade threaten ecosystem with chemical residue and consumable fragments.
Negative Effects of Ocean Pollution “Each day, oil used to lubricate engines and to power the vessel leaks into the ocean” (Wroble 44). When the residue enters the ocean, it begins to affect the environment and animals. This is just one of the many problems from ocean pollution. “According to Worldwatch research associate Peter Weber, 80 to 90 percent of all of the materials dumped at sea are dredgings...dredgings are rich in toxic chemicals...from nonpoint sources” (Wroble 49). One particular chemical that affects the oceans are Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCBs.
To overcome such situations, bacterial cells enter biofilm mode and sustain (Bazire et al.2007). It has been observed that under biofilm mode of growth Pseudomonas mendocina EGD AQ5 could effectively overcome the stress and degrade 40 mM benzoate which has been regarded as highest concentration (Ampe and
Of the 260 million tons of plastic the world produces each year, about 10 percent ends up in the Ocean, according to a Greenpeace report (Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans, 2006). Seventy percent of the mass eventually sinks, damaging life on the seabed. The rest floats in open seas, often ending up in gyres, circular motion of currents, forming conglomerations of swirling plastic trash called garbage patches, or ultimately ending up washed ashore on someone’s beach. But the washed up or floating plastic pollution is a lot more than an eyesore or a choking and entanglement hazard for marine animals or birds. Once plastic debris enters the water, it becomes one of the most pervasive problems because of plastic’s properties: buoyancy, durability, propensity to absorb waterborne pollutants, its ability to get fragmented in microscopic pieces, and more importantly, its proven possibility to decompose, leaching toxic Bisphenol A (BPA) and other toxins in the
I am a resident of this area, which I call my home. I am writing to you regarding the problem of plastics. I have seen several pieces of plastic waste, littered everywhere; roads, streets and even parks. Plastic is a substantial problem, especially for the environment, our health and for the health of the marine life. A research carried out by the Sea turtle conservancy showed that 100 million marine animals are killed every year due to plastic debris in the ocean around the world.
Ocean Pollution is a huge problem that is often overlooked because of the vast amount of water that covers the earth ocean that we have. Although Ocean pollution does not directly affect most of us in our daily day to day lives, eventually it will catch up to us and the effects will be more serious and evident in our everyday lives. With most of the garbage floating around in the ocean being plastic, it isit’s pretty clear that something needs to be done with plastic, like producing less plastic products. Ocean pollution is a huge problem that can be solved by doing different things to prevent plastic and other waste items from being disposed in the ocean and other bodies of water. producing less plastic products.
Even more worrying is the fact that plastic is a non-biodegradable material which means that it is extremely difficult to dispose of, thus resulting in a surplus of unwanted plastic that has no means of proper disposal. This leads to a chain of events that affect the human society significantly. Hence the purpose of this investigation is to explain the effects of plastic pollution on society. 2.0
Most of the plastics in the ocean come from items we use every day. There are solutions to these problems; The ultimate solution is a combination of all of these garbage. The biggest impact will come from stopping the massive amounts of plastic litter before it travels over land and into our waterways and