This is such a giant question in philosophy with a million answers and subcategories used to try and answer it. This book is the foundation of the entire topic, with many propositions used to answer it. Do men act justly because fear of higher power, or just because it is the ‘right’ thing for men to do? Justice is considered the most fundamental ethical and political ideas. Platos political view of democratic government
PLATO: A PHILOSOPHER’S LEGACY Plato was a Greek philosopher that believed in eliminating all wrong and focusing on the good of everything as did his teacher, Socrates. He started the Athens’ Academy, striving to make ordinary people into philosophers so many could think, speak, and even vote more wisely than before. He, even today, remains a very important figure that inspired many other philosophers. Plato’s parents were Ariston and Perictione, and he had three siblings and one half-brother. He is very well-known for his numerous theories on ethical questions and such as his Theory of Forms.
The disciple/student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, Plato was born, it is estimated between 429 and 423 BCE. This ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher, who was born shortly after the commencement of the Pelopennesian War, is wildly acknowledged as an unparalleled influencer of Western thought via his philosophical works. Amongst his many works, Plato wrote of justice, which has still, to this day, stirred and maintained discussions amongst the grandest and the smallest minds. A definition of justice is not definitive when perusing the works of Plato, especially that of Republic. Instead, Plato’s conception of justice is dissected into two main analogies.
This paper is written about Plato’s Apology. Plato was one of the most influential Greek philosophers in the 5th Century BC. The Apology is based on Plato’s version of Socrates speech of defence in 399 BC. The first aim of this paper is to give some insight as to what the apology is about. The second aim is to outline all the things Socrates says in his defence which to me were important in outlining the reasoning for his trial and which he uses in his defence.
For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato.
The republic is one of the great valuable work mainly referring to the justice, the rule or order and the character of the righteous and just city-state and the just man written by Plato, who is a philosopher in Classical Greece. It adopts a writing technique of Socratic dialogue, a kind of literary or artistic prose developed in Greece, around 380 B.C. and its contribution proved is one of the most influential works of philosophy and political theory. The republic concerns for the true and genuine principle and justification in the surrounding community especially for the affairs and changes in human life involving the economics, ethics and moral philosophy, political sociology. Plato stands a point of view that there is no blindness for human to clearly and persistently accept the criterion and norm of the moral or behavioral according to our own reason and mind.
The oldest of the three philosophers, Socrates, was born 470 BCE and passed in 399 BCE. Socrates has been credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. The majority of what we know about Socrates stems from the surviving body of published work of his students, such as Plato, and his written piece, The Apology. Socrates thought that the acquiring of knowledge meant to become virtuous, and virtue was necessary to achieve ultimate happiness. Socrates pushed for others to strive for self-knowledge and sought wisdom himself on a daily basis.
First and foremost, it fails to adhere to the long-winded rules of imitation. The entire Republic is Plato’s attempts to imitate Socrates and his beliefs. Although Socrates could be considered to be a noble man to imitate and therefore Plato should not cower at imitating him, for he is a “good man...acting in a faultless and intelligent manner,” (396d) there is the presence of bullheaded Thrasymachus to be considered. In addition, Socrates himself engages in many acts of imitation throughout the Republic in his examples and theoretical
It is a well-known fact that Plato’s Republic is one of the most influential works in philosophy and political theory. Despite its importance and the fact that Plato offers a state in which there are justice, good and wisdom, his state was criticized as “anti-democratic, anti-humanitarian, anti-individualistic, and totalitarian” (1). In this essay I will try to answer questions whether Republic could be characterized as an authoritarian society without freedom and which Plato’s arguments evokes criticism by exploring Plato’s concepts of state, justice, philosophy and politics. To begin with, the state, according to Plato, arises from the natural need of people to unite in order to facilitate the conditions of their existence. In developing the concept of an ideal state, Plato proceeds from the correspondence between the cosmos, the state and a separate human soul listing the four qualities necessary in the State: wisdom, courage, temperance and justice.
Socrates Ideas, Values and Meanings Socrates philosophy talks about several values accredited to human beings. He based them on the people who accused him concerning his teachings. For example, Socrates gives his thoughts concerning the traits of an excellent speaker, mortality, human wisdom and unexamined life. Below is the discussion of these issues. Excellent Speaker According to Socrates, a clever speaker is the one who talks the truth and is an orator like himself.