“The Republic” is a book written by Plato in 380B.C. and was considered one of the most important works of political theory. Plato was born in 428 B.C., he founded the Academy in Athens where he gave higher learning for people. He believed that the Academy would produce future leaders who could help his country become a luxurious and just. His idea was that a just city is a city where every part of it does its own work without interfering in others work (principle of specialization).
The ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the American Government. Firstly, The Enlightenment was a philosophical evolution that emphasized the aged ideas of the Greeks and Romans. In addition, the major philosophers of this time period were Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Rousseau, Adam Smith and Isaac Newton. Their ideals include having an absolute monarch as a government (T.H), the separation of powers (Mont. ), the government should not interfere with a free market economy (A.S), the freedom of speech (Volt.
This concept of separation of powers influenced James Madison when writing The US Constitution because it ensured that one branch of government could not gain more power than another. Although both were immensely influential, John Locke was more because he shaped the founding of the United States. Locke influenced in the formation of the Declaration of Independence with his redefined ideas on the nature of government and every human’s natural
In Book 1 of Plato 's Republic, Socrates and Thrasymachus engage in a passionate, and often acrimonious, conversation regarding the relationship between a ruler and those he or she rules. Their conversation raises substantive questions about both the nature and purpose of government and the motivations and roles of those who govern. The following will address these questions by 1) explaining both Socrates ' and Thrasymachus ' understandings of the ruler-ruled relationship and 2) addressing the merits of each argument and offering my own philosophical position on the matter. First, with respect to Thrasymachus ' position, he believes that rulers craft laws for their "own advantage," and he considers justice to be the "advantage of the stronger"
Aristotle Aristotle is the father of modern philosophy. He has made important contributions to several branches of science that include biology, metaphysics, logic, politics, agriculture, medicine, and theatre. As a young man, he was a student of Plato, another great philosophy leader. Plato had learned from Socrates. He developed a formalized system of reasoning in the field of logic.
Aristotelian logic, as it is commonly referred to in more modern times, is descriptive of the manner by which Aristotle equated premise to logic and reason; or muthos and logos. (XXXX – use Bobzein here) Muthos, or myth, and logos, or logic, were two central theories of ‘being’ (if you will). As was stated previously, Aristotle and the other Greek philosophers previously mentioned, lived within a polytheistic society—one where subscription to demi-Gods was expected…with a corresponding reasoning associated. (XXXX) For example, Zeus was the king of the Greek gods. To appease Zeus was thus to maintain favor, fortune and prominence: To oppose him or otherwise displease him was, essentially, unthinkable…or illogical.
The past is certainly a teacher for the future. It builds the footsteps for the world as we know it today. Power in the past great civilizations has set up a powerful backdrop for the development of the modern werstern world. Power is a crucial development over time that influences and defines our current civilizations. Ancient Greece had one of the most influential forms of power, philosophy, and knowledge in history.
In the early sixteenth century there were two people that wrote about political power and the correct way to rule, both of these people would have great influence on their time period as well as future ones. Machiavelli was a secretary who worked for the Medicis, after the Medici family was expelled from the city he would reflect on what he thought of politics and how he thought they should be by writing The Prince, it would become a very famous book even in the present day. His viewpoint on ruling was that a ruler must do whatever they can in order to improve the state no matter what, or in his words “The ends justify the means”(The Prince). Erasmus was a Dutch intellectual and leader of the Christian humanists who wrote a treatise on political
Plato believed that politics served as only a guide for statesmen, people of high prominence who are wise, skillful, and proficient in the principles of government, which essentially made him an elitist. Plato’s main objective was to create a perfect society, a utopia. In Plato’s utopian society, he promotes class systems that have their own goals and objectives. The highest level consists of those who are the society’s policy makers and they have the responsibility of being wise and good rulers. The select few who know what is best for society.
Aristotle calls such a state by the name of polity. It is the state where the citizens at large administer for the common interest. Though constructing his state ideally Aristotle does not ignore reality and practicability of his state. He believes that for the state as well as for the individuals, the best life lies in the pursuit of virtue rather than of power and wealth. The plan suggested for his ideal or best state based on the principle of golden mean, depends upon the following materials: i.