He was Plato’s prize student, even though he disagreed with him on many points (Boeree, 2009). Aristotle did not agree with Plato’s idea of wanting to take transcend human selfishness. Aristotle believed that human selfishness is part of who we are as human beings. His idea in politics was to design a government or a society that acknowledges human selfishness and mitigates it. Aristotle was truly in disagreement with Plato’s idea of state.
When the prisoners were released and finally able to turn their heads they quickly realised their mistakes. Plato’s point is that we put names and words to what we think is the physical object or item but in reality we are placing names on things we can’t see. Plato greatly influenced many great philosophical thinkers and philosophy after his death in 347. Platonism is any sort of philosophy that gains its inspiration by Plato and Plato greatly influenced early medieval philosophy and changed many ways of thinking. Medieval philosophy is the philosophy deriving from the medieval period or ‘middle ages’.
Before modern philosophy, Plato wrote numerous important philosophical works during his lifetime, but some of the more important ones are his works involving Socrates. With these works, Plato touched upon important beliefs that seem clear-cut to us, but are much more complicated than believed. One of these beliefs involves the meaning and importance of knowledge. The topic of knowledge is important in his works Protagoras, Euthydemus, and Meno. There are three points he brings up involving proper knowledge: the importance of good teaching, the necessity of knowledge to do what is best in the world, and how virtue is a type of knowledge.
Second, his view on origins, Plato shares how he believes all humans start in the cave which corresponds to the visible world, and in the darkness representing how humans all start out as ignorant, but do not necessarily have to stay there corresponding to the prisoner who has escaped. Thirdly, his view on human nature. In the myth we can see both sides of human nature, the positive side and the negative side. On the positive side, the prisoner who is enlightened goes back to the cave in order to also enlighten others which represents how the person who knows goodness, will find a way to try to help others. On the negative side, the murder of the returned prisoner shows the nature of humans to deny the truth, the unwillingness of humans to see a worldview that differs from theirs, and how humans simply, do not like to be wrong.
Therefore, through compare with Confucius and Plato’s idea, we can see there are some similarities in their concepts of philosophy and education. But contribute to the diversity of historical background and culture tradition, we can also see many differences of their thought, among which there are many sparkling points that is worth exploring. In this paper, we’ll study some of their famous pedagogy thought to explore what influences they have brought to the Chinese and westerners’ cognition and behavior and why the two civilizations developed in same period would diverge in such a degree. Furthermore, I
Knowledge already exists inside a soul, but it is crucial that this knowledge be pointed toward the good in order to benefit future rulers. Plato states that the men stuck inside the cave of only sensory perception are not ‘obliged to share in the toils of politics.’ They have grown up in the dark so it is the only lifestyle they know. It is understandable that they would not show any gratitude to the men who have seen the light. Nevertheless, these men who have gained that knowledge through philosophical reasoning must try and save those in the darkness, no matter the lack of appreciativeness. Plato writes that past rulers must make life better for their successors in
Plato had views to how to live a good life should be, towards what end the individual should act in accordance with their ideas of good life. Furthermore he thought of the world in a more theoretical insightful way theory of forms. Plato believed that a soul transmigrated until it was able to free itself from physical form and returned to the a realm without form. Plato also taught that true knowledge came from the soul and reason which would make him a rationalist and he believed that things like beauty and good in the physical world were glimmers of reality. Aristotle theory of forms with its two separate realms failed to explain what it was meant to explain.
Plato & Aristotle on harmful humor Humor isn’t always light-hearted and fun. Plato and Aristotle both discuss the ways people have vices, how the vices relate to humor, and how to live in greater harmony. They use different concepts, Plato talks about how vices arise from disrupting the balance of the soul and through self ignorance, while Aristotle discusses the balance of behaving morally and the vices attached to extreme behavior. In the Republic: Book IV Plato talks about what he believes are the three parts of the soul, reason, spirit, and appetite. Reason is the part that guides the other parts of the soul, it analysis and rationalizes options, and determines the best overall choice.
And many people would also have resonances for Plato’s second reasons. Having a person who you can talk to is one of the best things in this world, especially those who have similar life goals or great ambitions as you do. So, Plato’s sufficient reasons are necessary and crucial to support his
Plato's belief was that “moral virtues are universal and absolute, not relative (Hunt, Martin, Rosenwein, Smith 2010).” he believed that it was the way people are whether they were good or bad, and that nothing can be changed about it. Plato was the first man to believe that the person's spirit is different from the body itself. According to David Davidson “Platonism is part of the vital structure of Christian theology (Davidson)." Which helped influence Christianity since Plato believed that there was a perfect world for people, which is what the Christian believed to be heaven. Plato was not Christian but Platonism did help people understand Christianity a bit better.