He finds virtue only necessary within the boundaries of communities. He is in all ways with the foundation of the Greek society and how it is a source of teachable virtue. Socrates claims that parents cannot teach their offspring’s about virtue. Protagoras argues with him and says the opposite. Protagoras claims that virtue as taught and learned during schooling.
As he didn’t come from a wealthy family, Socrates had to prove himself and work hard to achieve success. Before he became a philosopher, he was mason, just like his father. As he got older, his interest for Philosophy grew stronger. He began to accumulate information about certain theories he had and as time went by, some of his theories began to make sense. Many people were very wary and confused about
Therefore, it can be stated that the Spartan system did not produce any kind of intellectual potentials in man, which made Plato discard the Spartan education to an extent. The platonic system of education is, in fact, a blend of Athens and the organization of Sparta. This is because Plato believed in the integrated development of human
New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc., p. 171-181 In one of his dialogues, Plato tried to address one of the most challenging inquiries in history namely, WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? In his Thaetetus, the notion of knowledge is discuss by setting up and throwing down definitions of science and knowledge. Plato first eliminated the confusions in the idea of knowledge and specific kinds of knowledge. He then ascertained the nature of the definition before proceeding to analyse the presented definitions and assertions. There are three theories of knowledge that Plato emphasized: 1) ‘Knowledge is sensible
The cave allegory helped prove how the philosopher would be worthy of becoming the philosopher king and created the perfect government system for their city. Once this government is formed, they know how to effectively structure the city and raise the next guardians and philosophers to maintain their perfect society. After their society has found harmonious living, this proves the process required to make a just city. Using this, they can now focus on the soul as a whole rather than the whole city. Socrates shows that the three parts of the soul, reason, thumos, and appetites must work in harmony much like the city to achieve optimal success.
For teaching method， both of Confucius and Plato advocated life-long learning. 4. In the eyes of Confucius and Plato， politics， ethics and education can be said to be three-in-one. Philosophy king established national ideal by the moral rule， may be the ultimate realization of these ideals in education need to resort to this route. Therefore， emphasized the importance of education for political services， and to put education in a high position on it.
These two concepts have many similarities, however, there are also some differences between them. The most principal similarity is that both of these notions are concerned with morality and ethics, as Confucius and Plato are philosophers that are famous for their thoughts on what is moral. For both philosophers these concepts are central in their works, which confirms importance of these notoins, Confucius in ‘Analects’ discusses four main sprouts of human: ren (humaneness-the mind’s feeling of pity and compassion), yi (rightness-mind’s feeling of shame and aversion), li (propriety-mind’s feeling of modesty and compliance) and zhi (wisdom-mind’s sense of right and wrong) (2A.6) Plato’s ‘Republic’ is answering the question ‘What is justice?’ where justice is one of the virtues that are discussed by Plato. Both Plato and Confucius do not just define ‘ren’ and ‘virtue’, but also discuss how to achieve them and how virtuous person should behave. Master You [You Ruo] said, "Among those who are filial toward their parents and fraternal toward their brothers, those who are inclined to offend against their superiors are few indeed.
The Academy taught mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy. Plato saw education as an avenue to achieve justice. He believed that common good could be achieved through the teachings of music, gymnastics, and dialectics—all necessary to achieve the ideal individual and city. The ideal individual and city meant achieving both independent and social justice. This state of justice can be achieved once one develops to his or her full ability and potential.
With that quote, he educated people that doing injustice harms the souls of many. Plato discussed justice as the most important tool for peace to all individuals; he believed that a society is safer when people get justice. There are no major conflicts when a state is peaceful because people have their freedom. Plato defined the two types of justice which are the civil justice and the political justice. Once we have the two notions of integrity, then
Let’s be clear that Plato’s main point was the ideal state and the first step towards this imaginary state is justice, the central position of the book one is all about justice in a dialogical way. Also he was trying to find the answer for what is justice? When Socratic try to find the justice it was the ideal justice. The use of word justice in Plato’s republic has grown dramatically throughout conversations. Three definition of justice first comes from the old man Cephalus which says justice is to tell the truth, and return what you own even if it’s your enemy, you have to return what you borrowed from him.