Therefore, since Athens has a part to play in corrupting Socrates’s life as well as his mistaken visual of the truth, Socrates must understand that by obeying the state, he has done injustice to his soul for it will not be in true harmony. Furthermore he will be doing an injustice to the state because Plato would have established that, objectively, Athens laws are unjust and even if Socrates thinks that they are just, it is only because Socrates has been corrupted by
You see, men of Athens, this fellow seems very arrogant and intemperate to me and to have written this indictment simply out of some sort of arrogance, intemperance, and youthful rashness.” (Plato, Apology, 26e) Socrates believed that, “Meletus has brought his charges based on prejudice alone- without any reasoned or evidentiary basis” ( Rick, Class 5, Slide 17). Socrates continued to believed that Meletus claims against him were a preconceived idea and that he had no actual proof of where Socrates has said that he does not believe a higher power. Socrates contains to say, “But if, when the God
He especially liked to challenge the authority and government of Athens. He would examine both his and their point of view. Socrates drew conclusions from what he’d heard and later on life it became more useful during his trail. He was on trial for corrupting the youth by asking questions and going against the Greek gods believes in regards to power. On trial, he performed The Apology, to the judges who didn’t take it as an apology but more as defense statements.
Within the greater work, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates’ own defense against the people of Athens begs the questions of whether Athens was a just society. Punished to death, Socrates’ is forever a martyr for his ideals and his debate unjust death begins Plato’s exploration into Justice. Through The Apology, Plato explains how the silencing of Socrates is a harsh injustice due to the democratic nature of his trial that strips the moral absolution from Justice as well as shows that Athens, as society of individualist justice, has failed in instilling order that allows for greater unity as a perfect Whole. Plato elects to transcribe the final defense of Socrate so to highlight why exactly Socrates’ death was unwarranted. To Plato, Socrates was a hero; furthermore, his service to the city of Athens is irreplaceable.
Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
It set in motion a civil war and put an end to whatever democracy there had been” (Parenti 2). Caesar’s assassination harmed Rome and did not help their political situation at all. It confused and infuriated the working class because they had lost their beloved king to greedy senators without a real explanation. In Meller and McGee’s book they state that instead of supporting the conspiracy, the “assassination did help Caesar’s reputation” (Meller and McGee 78). The commoners loved Julius Caesar more than ever because they did not agree with the justifications that were given to them during Julius Caesar’s funeral.
Creon can also be seen as the nemesis if you consider that Antigone in the protagonist or tragic hero. The Chorus in Antigone is made up of the elders of Thebes, they provide background information about Greek history as well as the past of Thebes. Most Ancient Greek tragedies have a Chorus. Creon’s motivation to do what he had done, such as leaving Polyneices unburied or entombing Antigone had arisen from his desire to be a good leader. He believed that a leader needed to be judged on his ability to inflict justice and stand behind his own words.
Socrates presents this myth in order to demonstrate how lying is beneficial to the rule of the state. It is clear to contemporary readers that the citizens of Kallipolis are not truly equal, the same statement can be said of the citizens of the United States. The Myth of Metals seems to persist in ways that are not as fanciful as describe in The Republic, but through social stratification.
This is where Plato 's theory of education comes into play. His first stride into overseeing education being, to control (read censor) particular kinds of music, poetry and art - particularly Homeric poerty - during the earliest stages of childhood in order to sheild them from characteristics that vexed Plato. The criticism levied against them being both theological in nature and political. Homer 's depiction of Gods is unedifying due to the fact that they are at times fickle, false and display bad conduct. The heroism dipicted is one of rabid desire for revenge, this among other things instills a fear of death in the young.
Here, Socrates stresses that those who do not have a concern of how they live their life in respect to others do not live a meaningful life (84). After his unfortunate execution for "corrupting the youth" Socrates legacy and ideals were then continued through the life of Plato (84). Years after, Plato became most known for his dialogues regarding ethics and his challenging of current politics. It was these two classical thinkers who were the spotlight of the Renaissance. Humanists during the time of the renaissance often put precedence of classical works like Plato over works being written at the time (294).
Earlier in the text Archidamus, a Spartan, explains that the Spartan’s slowness in decision making is due to their “clear-headed self-control” (27.84). However, they do not exhibit this quality when Alcibiades easily manipulates them into trusting him. He begins his argument by asserting that others have done “worse things” in the past than deserting their country in a time of need. However, instead of actually citing what instances he is referring to, he compensates for his lack of evidence by telling his audience that he was a better “[leader] of the city as a whole” (127). Alcibiades is manipulating his “evidence” into seeming more substantial than it truly is by telling the audience that these “others… have incited the mob to worse things” (127).
During his trial, Socrates is being charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. The rebuttal Socrates uses for being accused with corrupting the youth of Athens is "... either I do not corrupt them, or I corrupt them unintentionally, so that on either view of the case you lie. If my offence is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of unintentional offences: you ought to have taken me privately, and warned and admonished me; for if I had been better advised, I should have left off doing what I only did unintentionally - no doubt I should; whereas you hated to converse with me or teach me, but you indicted me in this court, which is a place not of instruction, but of punishment." Meaning that he hasn 't been corrupting the youth but if he was then he 's not the only one doing so.
Plato’s: “Obedience to the State” is a passage that takes place after Socrates has been condemned to death by the jury of Athens. Crito, a student of Socrates appears outside of his cell and makes one last attempt to persuade Socrates to flee Athens and save his life. Crito makes many valid points in trying to convince Socrates to escape, but Socrates feels he should accept the decisions that has been made regardless of the lethal ramifications. The following paragraphs will analyze Crito’s arguments and Socrates response, as well as express how Socrates position is the stronger due to his knowledge of justice. While trying to appeal to Socrates emotions, Crito begins his argument by stating how the public would accuse him of not helping