Plato And Socrates Similarities

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Socrates and Plato lived at different times but in the same ancient Greece. Their ideas were different though one drew inspiration one another. But both ideas can be close for today’s man. Socrates was born around 469 BC in Athens and died around 399 BC. He was one of the most important Greek philosophers and for sure the ugliest - he had an ugly face. Socrates was born rather in non affluent family. Before he started philosophising he was a soldier in Greek army. Re to his philosophy: he didn’t create his own school (he taught on the streets), as well he didn’t written down any of his work (the main source is Plato who wrote down most of Socrates works). To make matters worse he was condemned to death because of your set of beliefs. Plato…show more content…
He was looking for knowledge but he was aware of his lack of cognizance. Although he had not knowledge he was smarter than others because he had awareness of this fact. His mission in life was concentrating on looking for knowledge and raising awareness among the public about their ignorance. His wisdom was based on self-awareness. When he talked with people he was using method of elenchus. This method was based on asking questions (yes or not) about thesis in case of what, at the end of conversation interlocutor do not know what is true and what is false. In this way Socrates was able to prove the most absurdly statements. For Socrates goodness was synonymous of beauty and ugliness synonymous of evilness. According to Socrates man is inherently good and wrong decision come from unawareness because human do not know what is good - this idea is called ethical intellectualism. What is more virtue is equal to knowledge - so we are able to learn for example justice, bravery etc. Philosopher claimed also that the most important way to know the world is mind. According to him we do not knowing the thing but only the idea of this thing, therefore very important is to define as closely as possible things. Regarding to the God Socrates believed in daimonion (protective goddess) which every man has inside. This goddess tells you what to do, what is good and what is bad; so you should care about your soul to…show more content…
According to him what we see is only reflected image of ideal world. Idea is a generic concept (it is include all common features of one species) which is endless and persistent. As opposed to ideas, things are not endless in case of what, they cannot be ideas and also objects of knowledge. By extension, sense-perception is not a valuable way to know because we are knowing only phenomenon (world of things) and what we gain is only presumption. In case of knowing ideal world and real knowledge we need to use our mind. It is something similar to Socrates concept. Ideas apart from they are endless and persistent: always exist, they do not have beginning and end, they also create its own hierarchical world which exist transcendentally beyond our world. The most important in this hierarchy is idea of goodness, which gives being other ideas. Moreover, according to Plato ideas are only virtual beings and prototypes of sensual things, which are not beings. When we want to know particular thing we have to remember this thing when our soul was in ideal world (and as a consequence of sin has been trapped in the body) - that concept is known as an anamnesis. Plato claim also that the world must have beginning because is visible and tactile so we are able to know this world via senses. Object which are knowing via senses are not endless so they must have beginning. This world was created by Demiurge - Platonic God which Plato considered as a perfect
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