Many of these Pre-Socratic thinkers shared mostly the same thoughts and were students of Socrates. According to the book World Societies “These Greek thinkers, based in Ionia, are called the pre-Socratics because their rational efforts preceded those of Socrates”. This gives a better understanding of what these people were and their beliefs. The four substances Fire, air, earth, and water these were the things Democritus and Hippocrates believed in. Democritus believed that this universe was made up of invisible, indestructible particles.
Philosophy opened a whole different way of thinking. Socrates the father of western philosophy; started a chain reaction when he taught Plato, who taught Aristotle, who would later tutor Alexander the Great. Socrates believed that a life that was unexplored and questioned was not worth living. Unlike many philosophers who questioned the physical world and how to explain
Socrates is known as one of the most eminent Greek philosophers, but history has also told that the man was primarily infuriating. Born in 471 B.C.E, Socrates followed the life of a traditional Greek citizen by working as a mason and a hoplite until he became a popular instructor of philosophy. The man was not fond of traditional religion, and began questioning concepts of life, such as justice, knowledge, and wisdom. This incessant questioning eventually led to his execution by the Athenian government in 399 B.C.E. Socrates gained many followers before his death, and the most renowned example is Plato.
Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric. The usefulness of rhetoric was undisputed. Sophists believed that educated men could convince the world of anything, and Aristotle and Isocrates knew that persuasion was applicable to every subject. The difference between men like Isocrates and Aristotle and the sophists was the search for truth. As a result of their philosophy behind rhetoric, they taught rhetoric differently.
Great philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were all brilliant philosophers, but their works were not truly appreciated until the Renaissance where a look on past works was emphasized. This ideal was called humanism and during this time, works from Ancient Greece and Rome were restored and referenced to create new, crucial writings. In particular, in ancient times Socrates ' beliefs were passed on through his pupils. One of his main ideals was that one should always be aware of the consequences of one 's actions. This can be highlighted in a quote by him stating, "the unexamined life is not worth living".
These philosophers have taken the earliest ideas of Socrates and transformed them into their own works about achieving and sustaining power, constructing political authority and natural human behavior. Socrates would respond with his own positive and negatives about each of the theorists ideas. They both feature ideas that are aligned with Socrates’ beliefs however also contain ideas that socrates would disagree with. The parts of their
Many of the roots of modern intellectual ideas and philosophies have stemmed from the ideas and philosophies of the ancient Greeks. While many other cultures had some impact, the Greeks most definitely had the most influence on modern math and science. Most notably, “the three Athenians that would come to dominate philosophy for the next 2000 years: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle”(p8). These three philosophers, along with many others from in or around ancient Greece set the foundation for Western intellect today. The communication abilities and location of ancient Greece allowed them to not only gather information about the ideas of diverse cultures around the world but also to have skepticism about the information and determine what was true.
WRITE ON PLATO’S THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE Plato was Born in Athens around the time 428 B.C. 'He was educated in philosophy, poetry and gymnastics by distinguished Athenian teachers including the philosopher Cratylus. ' However base on my understanding it was another Greek philosopher, name Socrates who would have more influence and inspiration on Plato 's thinking and writings, along with the times in which he lived. 'Plato in his writings explored justice, beauty and equality, his writings also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. ' His most important writings called Dialogues touched upon almost every problem that had occupied philosophers in his time and even now in this present time.
Table of Content Introduction on Socrates 3 The relationship between Socrates, Plato, Xenophon and Aristotle 4 Socratic Method 6 Socratic Paradoxes 8 Contribution of Socrates to sociology 10 Death and Execution 12 Conclusion 15 References 16 INTRODUCTION ON SOCRATES To begin with, Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher who was born 470 BC in Athens, Greece. Laying the foundations of Western Philosophy, Socrates is still seen as a bewildering figure. There is little information about his writings and he is mostly recognized by his students Plato and Xenophon as well as through the plays of Aristophanes. These plays provide an irreplaceable and vivid portrayal of Socrates ' philosophy and personality. Concerning his personal life, Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor, and Phanerate, a midwife.