It goes into detail about his history, as well as his theories and meanings on many different things. The article also describes and simplifies the books that Plato wrote, as well as the ideas represented in these books. To understand why Plato believed what he believed, it’s best to understand the surroundings in which he was living and this article does just that. Because of his families failure in the political life is the reason Plato turned to philosophy. Plato founded The Academy and then spent the remainder of his life there discussing math and philosophy with other men like
The republic is an enquiry into the nature of justice. This required redesigning the polis from first principles. Plato argued that truly good conduct and the truly good state have to be based on true knowledge of things in themselves; that is, of the forms or ideas that underlie the world of appearances. Plato seems to have had an unlimited faith in the power of the mind. Plato was looking at justice starting from the individual and then, to make things clearer, in the state.
This paper is written about Plato’s Apology. Plato was one of the most influential Greek philosophers in the 5th Century BC. The Apology is based on Plato’s version of Socrates speech of defence in 399 BC. The first aim of this paper is to give some insight as to what the apology is about. The second aim is to outline all the things Socrates says in his defence which to me were important in outlining the reasoning for his trial and which he uses in his defence.
Chad Blenz PHI 385-1 27 September 2016 Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle on Educational Foundation and its Societal Role Socrates, Plato and Aristotle—three philosophers that laid the foundation for Western philosophy as we know it today. Their ideologies and approaches have proven a strong foundation for much western philosophy that has followed, particularly in regards to education and its current role in modern society. Socrates led the way with his push for truth and further reasoning, paving the road for Plato’s idealistic outlook, which led to the realistic view of Aristotle—each philosophy carving a new meaning and role of education within society. In this chain of teacher-student relationships, Socrates’ teachings directly shaped Plato’s and in turn Aristotle’s philosophy towards education and not only its meaning but also its role within society. The oldest of the three philosophers, Socrates, was born 470 BCE and passed in 399 BCE.
The republic is one of the great valuable work mainly referring to the justice, the rule or order and the character of the righteous and just city-state and the just man written by Plato, who is a philosopher in Classical Greece. It adopts a writing technique of Socratic dialogue, a kind of literary or artistic prose developed in Greece, around 380 B.C. and its contribution proved is one of the most influential works of philosophy and political theory. The republic concerns for the true and genuine principle and justification in the surrounding community especially for the affairs and changes in human life involving the economics, ethics and moral philosophy, political sociology. Plato stands a point of view that there is no blindness for human to clearly and persistently accept the criterion and norm of the moral or behavioral according to our own reason and mind.
Philosophical ideas impacted human history, particularly in government. Niccolo Machiavelli and John Locke ideation molded human history on how power should be divided equally amongst the people and the ruler. Their theories began the steps of construction of the U.S government. Machiavelli ideas migrated the power in monarchies away from the power of the church to the King/Queen. Particularly starting in Florence during the Renaissance and political enlightenment.
Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government itself, why it is needed, what makes a government legitimate, the freedom of its underman, duties of both government and citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
"An educated, enlightened and informed population is one of the surest ways of promoting the health of a democracy." ~ Nelson Mandela, 6 October 2003. Introduction: Democracy is a system of government for the citizens to choose their leaders and to hold them accountable for their policies and demeanour in office. The saying “laws are made for the people by the people” is true as people vote for candidates who are elected representatives who 's job it is to make law. If state and lawmakers are careful in identifyings societiy’s needs and problems, law should improve quality of life.
_______ In Plato’s Republic, Socrates uses the metaphor of Kallipolis to demonstrate the idea of justice in a city to allow for a closer inspection of justice in the individual. This city is ruled by a guardian class, raised from childhood to be perfect leaders, or as Socrates puts it, philosopher kings. In order for this graced individuals to come about, they must go through rigorous physical conditioning and partake in a comprehensive musical education. This musical education differs from that of a traditional Greek citizen not only in its intensity, but also in its subject matter. Many of the traditional songs, poems, epics, works of art, and works of literature used in education would be removed by virtue of the censorship Socrates deems
Political Science escalates the political awareness of an individual and makes him politically aware of his duties, rights and freedom. For the part of the government it reminds the government of its duty and responsibility towards its constituents. Political and socially aware citizens can make the government accountable and can significantly contribute towards the establishment equality and social justice. Political Science creates conducive condition for the success of democracy by laying emphasis on economic and social democracy. The two main pillars of democracy are conscious citizens and a responsible government.