Socrates was a great philosopher of the Greek world. He was quite an atypical and distinctive person. Being different from all the other philosophers of the land, Socrates was teaching his students ideas totally out of the ordinary from what the society believed was right. As a result, he displeased many people so much that they decided to get rid of him. Socrates was put to trial, accused of spoiling the youth of Athens, tried and sentenced to death.
The conspirators thought that the plebeians would understand their motives, but, instead,“the city was in shock, and people became increasingly more hostile” after the assassination (Wasson). The commoners sided with Anthony and Octavian, ignoring the lack of justifications that the conspirators and Brutus provided. They were angry that their beloved king had been assassinated by the senators who were supposed to be working and supporting him. The author of The Assassination of Julius Caesar. A People’s History of Ancient Rome and political scientist, Michael Parenti, stated that Caesar’s assassination “marked a turning point in the history of Rome.
He especially liked to challenge the authority and government of Athens. He would examine both his and their point of view. Socrates drew conclusions from what he’d heard and later on life it became more useful during his trail. He was on trial for corrupting the youth by asking questions and going against the Greek gods believes in regards to power. On trial, he performed The Apology, to the judges who didn’t take it as an apology but more as defense statements.
Socrates defence against this was, “You aren’t all convincing, Meletus, not even, it seems to me, to yourself. You see, men of Athens, this fellow seems very arrogant and intemperate to me and to have written this indictment simply out of some sort of arrogance, intemperance, and youthful rashness.” (Plato, Apology, 26e) Socrates believed that, “Meletus has brought his charges based on prejudice alone- without any reasoned or evidentiary basis” ( Rick, Class 5, Slide 17). Socrates continued to believed that Meletus claims against him were a preconceived idea and that he had no actual proof of where Socrates has said that he does not believe a higher power. Socrates contains to say, “But if, when the God
Virtue is a quality, an action that enables each individual to do things well and correctly. It is considered the most appropriate action of each human being’s nature. It is about being the right kind of person and knowing what to do and how to act. Aristotle defines virtue as an excellence of human beings. However, there are some special virtues that are essential and play a very important part in society, specifically, political virtues.
The concept of the Noble Lie is presented by Plato in the Republic. In Republic, Plato is engaged in creating an ideal political community, through the noble lie. The Noble Lie, ironically, despite being a lie, is still recognized as ‘noble’ by Plato since it aims to promote social welfare and harmony amongst the citizens. Plato’s idea of the noble lie led to the division of citizens into three distinct categories, namely, the rulers, the auxiliaries and the workmen . This paper will argue that Socrates principle of the Noble Lie must be considered justifiable under circumstances in which it intends to achieve moral ends.
In addition to it , his last words were " But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live. Which of us goes to a better thing is unclear to everyone except the God". This proves that Socrates believed in after life which is dependent on God. Although, Socrates believed that he was a messenger of God. The people blamed Socrates to have a neutral approach towards their Gods, so they decided to put the blame on him for all the misfortunes.
Though many centuries apart Socrates and Assata Shakur both faces trail deaths based on their teaching. Socrates was charged because the government believed he was corrupting the youth. Assata Shakur's anti-government and pro-black stance made her a threat to the United States government. Both Socrates and Assata Shakur endured social injustice for crimes that they had not committed and had the option of seeking refuge to save themselves from inevitable death. Socrates believed that escaping his nearing death would be contradiction to his beliefs, ideas, and teachings.
In one of founding works of this modern day debate is Plato’s The Apology. Within the greater work, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates’ own defense against the people of Athens begs the questions of whether Athens was a just society. Punished to death, Socrates’ is forever a martyr for his ideals and his debate unjust death begins Plato’s exploration into Justice. Through The Apology, Plato explains how the silencing of Socrates is a harsh injustice due to the democratic nature of his trial that strips the moral absolution from Justice as well as shows that Athens, as society of individualist justice, has failed in instilling order that allows for greater unity as a perfect Whole. Plato elects to transcribe the final defense of Socrate so to highlight why exactly Socrates’ death was unwarranted.
And at its climax, the chorus, representing his Theban people, disavowed King Oedipus and his contributions to Thebes saying it would have been better without him. These acts combined drive the humiliated Oedipus towards self-punishment, exile, and to his piteous, shameful fate. Sophocles in Oedipus the King puts the idea of truth and knowledge in the spotlight of Greek and modern audiences. Although Oedipus himself meets a collectively negative end, the power of truth is revealed through his misery. Some things are best left to the Gods rather than in the minds of men, it would have been to Oedipus’ ignorant bliss.
Creon starts off by saying, “You citizens, I have just discovered--/ that Oedipus, our king, has levelled charges--/ against me, disturbing allegations.” (612-14). Creon is trying to warn the town about Oedipus’ accusations, which the reader knows these accusations are due to the blindness of his pride. While Creon and the Chorus converse about the assumption Oedipus has made, the Chorus reveals that Oedipus may have made these accusations with an unstable mind. The Chorus says, “Perhaps he charged you--/ spurred on by the rash power of his rage,--/ rather than his mind’s true judgment.” (627-29). The reader knows Oedipus’ pride is what influenced him to excuse Tiresias and Creon for framing him.
What is perhaps most unconventional about this rhetoric style defense is that it is exactly that, a defense –not an apology. It does not mean an "apology" by our current, English understanding of the word. The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia," which translates to “defense”, or a speech made in defense. Plato’s The Apology accounts for Socrates’ defense at a trial which he is charged with not recognizing the Gods, therefore creating new deities and corrupting the minds of the youth in Athens.