“The Apology of Socrates” was written to keep the trial against Socrates alive for centuries to read and study the justice system of Athens. Plato believes that his teacher, Socrates, was trialed because he was “evil” and needed to be killed from society. The “apology” Socrates presents himself as respected and mistreated due to the emotions of the Athenian
In one of founding works of this modern day debate is Plato’s The Apology. Within the greater work, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates’ own defense against the people of Athens begs the questions of whether Athens was a just society. Punished to death, Socrates’ is forever a martyr for his ideals and his debate unjust death begins Plato’s exploration into Justice. Through The Apology, Plato explains how the silencing of Socrates is a harsh injustice due to the democratic nature of his trial that strips the moral absolution from Justice as well as shows that Athens, as society of individualist justice, has failed in instilling order that allows for greater unity as a perfect Whole. Plato elects to transcribe the final defense of Socrate so to highlight why exactly Socrates’ death was unwarranted.
In the Euthyphro, Plato sets the stage for what will turn out to be one of the most pondered questions in philosophy. Plato first begins by setting the stage – Socrates and Euthyphro are depicted conversing on the steps of the grand Athenian Court House where they are both present to tend to their respective cases. Socrates is being prosecuted by Meletus on charges of “corrupting the youth,” and “questioning the gods.” In contrast, Euthyphro is present to prosecute his father for homicide because he views it as the moral, right, and holy thing to do – he even believes that it is commanded as such by the gods. The interaction between the two eventually turns into a thought provoking dialogue on morals and the reality of what is moral. Euthyphro himself is what some might call a divine command theorist who believes that what is moral and immoral is commanded by the divine – the all-powerful, all knowing.
Homer uses Achilles’ rage towards Agamemnon to show how counterproductive rage can be to both the overall goals of the Greeks and to Achilles himself. The book opens in medias rest, meaning the reader is introduced to the battle of Troy at the height of the cities siege. The idea of Rage is introduced at its most extreme due to the first instance of rage being depicted in this epic is an example of the wrath of a God. Agamemnon had taken Apollos’ priests named Chryses’ daughter. Agamemnon was dismissive and rude to the priest which dishonored him so in turn dishonored Apollo.
The preventability of the tragedy because of the original accusations against the People’s Temple fit the first aspect of a Greek Tragedy. It can also be considered a Greek Tragedy because of Jim Jones hubris that lead to both his downfall and the downfall of Jonestown. This specific Greek Tragedy, although not teaching many lessons, raised many questions about religious authenticity and people’s willingness to sacrifice themselves. Both the preventable aspects of the disaster and the hubris that lead to it makes the Jonestown Massacre into a Greek
When the prisoners were released and finally able to turn their heads they quickly realised their mistakes. Plato’s point is that we put names and words to what we think is the physical object or item but in reality we are placing names on things we can’t see. Plato greatly influenced many great philosophical thinkers and philosophy after his death in 347. Platonism is any sort of philosophy that gains its inspiration by Plato and Plato greatly influenced early medieval philosophy and changed many ways of thinking. Medieval philosophy is the philosophy deriving from the medieval period or ‘middle ages’.
(Moulton, p. 78). Tyranny started to rise during the seventh and sixth centuries B.C, which was called the Archaic period, in relating to “much social unrest in the burgeoning city-states of Greece” (Marshall Cavendish, p. 64). One of the first tyrants was Cypselus who drove out the ruling aristocracy in 657 B.C and tyranny started to become the most common form of government in the Greek world in the next 150 years. Finally, democracy started to replace tyranny and flourished during the age of Cleisthenes starting from 510 B.C and came to its pinnacle under the leadership of Pericles, who lived from around 495 to 429
In The Iliad, the Trojan War began because Paris, a prince of Troy, stole King Menelaus’ wife, Helen. However, the war was also driven by the greed of Agamemnon, a powerful and fearsome king. Meanwhile, in The Mahabharata, the war began mostly because of Duryodhana’s jealousy of the Pandavas. The royalty of both stories have flaws in their characters that force their countries and people into war. In conjunction, the two stories both contain important moral lessons.
Socrates was put to trial, accused of spoiling the youth of Athens, tried and sentenced to death. His personal defense is described in works two of his students: Xenophon and Plato. Both of them wrote papers called Apology, which is the Greek word for “defense”. In this essay I used Apology by Plato as the main resource, since it contents a more full account of the trial of Socrates and his words. Despite the fact that the philosopher attempted to defend himself and explain the reasons for saying and doing the things he did, it did not do any good for his justification.
(Nelson Mandela, BBC News) Speaking about challenging and fighting against the government for a better well-being of the society, it unquestionably brings us to another leader that was also really influential, but just in a different time period – Socrates. He was a Greek philosopher, who was born in around 469 BCE, in Athens. Socrates also went through many circumstances as a result from his challenges towards Athenian’s corrupted government, aiming to improve the goodness of the city. (Socrates Biography) Although Nelson Mandela and Socrates were leaders from totally different time periods, with very different personalities and perspectives, and had attained dissimilar achievements, Nelson Mandela and Socrates both value many similarities when it comes to perseverance and determination; compassion and forgivingness; and courageousness. In summary, Nelson Mandela and Socrates both are almost