In the same way he is an incomplete politician also. We cannot justify him as a complete human being rather he can be stated as a helpless king who has declined for his stubborn nature. He is neither a hero nor a villain rather he is a victim of his self-indulgence. (Bloom. 249-150) In Shakespeare 's view, Richard is a failure as a king not because he is immoral, nor because he is too sensitive and refined for the job, but because he misunderstands the nature of kingship.
They cannot therefore, be happy. In fact, states Socrates: "…a man who is not brought to justice is more wretched than one who is." Plato, p. 47 Therefore, rhetoricians use persuasive speaking to avoid being brought to justice for their vices. Their "power" then, really lies in their ability to dodge pain with flashy persuasions which mask their vices. Since power is later defined as "…something good to the man who yields it," Plato, p. 27 it follows that rhetoricians cannot be truly powerful because they hide from justice and use falsehoods to do
By comparing himself to them he says that he does not have any interest in corrupting youth, because money are meaningless. Furthermore, Socrates asked audience to prove his corruption, but there was no one who could gave any examples (33d-34b). Socrates was a victim of society, who did not understand the idea of education by questioning. To conclude with, Socrates was not liked among citizens, because he used his knowledge to show the weaknesses and simplicity of peoples thinking and their vanity of life. His all accusations were related to the issues of morality which never was defined by one explanation.
Even though, the good life caused Socrates an early death. Also, breaking the law may result in harming others and according to Socrates harming others can harm the soul. By harming others one is being unjust and unjust deeds harm the soul. So what is the point of breaking the law if I will be hurt in the end? Furthermore, Socrates would never rationalize breaking the law because it would be violating an agreement made between the citizen and the state.
Name: Mohammed Alkhaldi Instructor: Brett McCormick Exam 1 The Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War occurred between the years from 431 to 404 BC. It was a historical ancient Greek war which was fought in Athens by Athenians and its entire empire against Sparta which led the Peloponnesian League. In order to fully understand the causes of the war, it is important first to know the principle parties that were involved in the war. The Peloponnesian War involved two principle groups which were the Peloponnesian states, Sparta and Athens. There were other small parties which were involved in the war either aiding the Spartans or the Athenians such as the city states of Sicily, Attica, Corinth and Thebes.
The act of giving away money is a selfless act and someone who is ambitious will not be philanthropic. If Caesar was truly ambitious, he would not give his money away to the common folk’s community. This phrasing of the sentence like a question, makes the audience reflect and think about whether that is really true, Since Antony talked about Caesar’s noble acts before, the townsfolk are doubting that Caesar is ambitious. This lures to the pathos of the audience because the rhetorical question pulls on their conscience. Their conscience is questioning whether the murder of Caesar is justifiable, since he was not at all ambitious according to Antony.
Table of Content Introduction on Socrates 3 The relationship between Socrates, Plato, Xenophon and Aristotle 4 Socratic Method 6 Socratic Paradoxes 8 Contribution of Socrates to sociology 10 Death and Execution 12 Conclusion 15 References 16 INTRODUCTION ON SOCRATES To begin with, Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher who was born 470 BC in Athens, Greece. Laying the foundations of Western Philosophy, Socrates is still seen as a bewildering figure. There is little information about his writings and he is mostly recognized by his students Plato and Xenophon as well as through the plays of Aristophanes. These plays provide an irreplaceable and vivid portrayal of Socrates ' philosophy and personality. Concerning his personal life, Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor, and Phanerate, a midwife.
SOCRATIC PARADOXES Many of Socrates ' beliefs have been characterized as paradoxical because they seem to conflict with common sense. The following are among the Socratic Paradoxes: No body seeks evil No body will commit wrongdoings with his own will All virtue is knowledge Virtue is sufficient for happiness The expression 'I know that I know nothing ', is a renowned phrase from Plato 's account of the Greek philosopher Socrates. This quote from Socrates was an opened door to think and analyse. It has many meanings and interpretations. At one point in time, Socrates ' good friend Chaerephon went to the Oracle at Delphi and asked whether any man was wiser than Socrates.
Alexander did not exhibit three characteristics of a good leader that was talked about which is that a good leader should be nonviolent, rational, and unselfish. Alexander handled the people of Persepolis violently. He was also irrational in how he handled other cities along with how he thought of other people without thinking about how his actions may have affected how other people thought of him. Alexander was not only selfish in thinking only of himself to where he caused disgust amongst his men, but he was so selfish to where he even became cruel to his friends. People may say Alexander did good things, but he lacked important characteristics a good leader needs to have to be able to rule their people well and successfully not just as a leader, but a respectable role model to look up
When Odysseus asks to share Irus’ begging turf, he refuses and threatens Odysseus. Odysseus then breaks his jaw, not wanting to kill him with one blow. This negative presentation of hospitality does not works and Irus’ favor because it ends up causing him harm. If Irus had shared his turf with Odysseus, he would not have a broken jaw. These examples show that the abuse to someone’s hospitality or refusing to give it will almost always end up in a harmful
The source of Socrates’ suspicion of democracy stems from the argument that the general public is ignorant and therefore lacks the knowledge or reason to make the best decision for government and electing officials. The foundation of democracy is based on majority rule, however because the majority is unaware of what truly is good for them, by virtue of their ignorance, the masses are not capable of electing a leaders fit to run the state or government. Socrates contends that due to the general public’s ignorance, the majority will vote in favor of what and who panders to their desires and wants rather than what is logical and better for their souls (459b). Because the general public is ignorant, those who have the knack of oratory pander to the desires of the masses and therefore the consequence of democracy is inherent corruption in the governing structure. Socrates contends that the art of
The forth crime that was charged was, disbelief ‘in the gods of the city.’ This charge is a result from the first charge of being ‘a natural philosopher.’ He indeed did not believe in any of the Olympian deities. He may have gotten out of this one if he praised any god and paid tribute to them, but he did not. Because he didn’t, he had committed treason. He “undercut the authority and legitimacy of a particular regime.”1 Socrates openly denied the gods, which meant he openly denied the legitimacy of the prestigious politicians of Greece.
According to An Empire of the Mind, A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy. The tyranny had been a terrible and bloody failure, and even the Spartans acknowledged that a moderate form of democracy would be preferable. As a system of government, democracy quickly spread to a number of other leading city-states, despite the authoritarian grip of Sparta on the Greek world. However, Sparta 's dominance was not to last. Overextended and unable to adjust to new battle techniques, in 371 BC Spartan hoplites suffered their first major defeat in 200 years at the hands of the Theban general Epaminodas.
Peace of Nicias was meant to be signed between Athens and Sparta. However, due to circumstance, the treaty failed and the fighting continued. After the complete destroyed of Aegospotami, the war was finally over and Athens had surrendered. This war had reshaped the Greece. Athens no longer became the strongest city-state, as Sparta took that place hold.
Socrates’ attempts to define the word justice it meet with a roadblock because they it is not possible to obtain through such needs. However, he may have mentioned the step to obtaining such justice, but evidently they can also downfall back to where they started form. Socrates had the concept of justice, but possibly no one can obtain such