The oldest of the three philosophers, Socrates, was born 470 BCE and passed in 399 BCE. Socrates has been credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. The majority of what we know about Socrates stems from the surviving body of published work of his students, such as Plato, and his written piece, The Apology. Socrates thought that the acquiring of knowledge meant to become virtuous, and virtue was necessary to achieve ultimate happiness. Socrates pushed for others to strive for self-knowledge and sought wisdom himself on a daily basis.
Plato’s Apology Response Paper Introduction The response paper on The Apology will discuss the various ideas that Socrates came up with in his book. First and foremost, the essay will discuss his philosophy regarding human traits such as human wisdom, an excellent speaker, death and unexamined life. The above Socrates ideas are significant in human lives, and therefore I will explain my opinion relating to them. In the climax, the response paper will discuss how these ideas and teachings have affected the world at large, having read the book. Socrates Ideas, Values and Meanings Socrates philosophy talks about several values accredited to human beings.
PLATO: A PHILOSOPHER’S LEGACY Plato was a Greek philosopher that believed in eliminating all wrong and focusing on the good of everything as did his teacher, Socrates. He started the Athens’ Academy, striving to make ordinary people into philosophers so many could think, speak, and even vote more wisely than before. He, even today, remains a very important figure that inspired many other philosophers. Plato’s parents were Ariston and Perictione, and he had three siblings and one half-brother. He is very well-known for his numerous theories on ethical questions and such as his Theory of Forms.
What is the essence of a life well-lived? This question has been asked for millennia, and many have suggested answers. Plato, an ancient Greek philosopher, presented his own hypothesis (at least partially) in a dialogue entitled Meno, in which Plato’s teacher, Socrates, led a disciple of the sophists, Meno, through a discussion of virtue. As an abrupt start of the dialogue, Meno asked, “Can you tell me, Socrates, whether virtue is acquired by teaching or by practice; or if neither by teaching nor by practice, then whether it comes to man by nature, or in what other way?” (Plato 35). While Socrates never answered the former of these questions definitively, by focusing on the latter, Socrates hypothesized that virtue cannot be taught but is learned through divine inspiration and cannot be handed down.
For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato.
Introduction Plato, a famous Greek philosopher wrote the Allegory of the Cave. He tried to answer some of the profound questions which arose about the nature of reality. He tells the story of 'Allegory of the Cave' as a conversation between his mentor, Socrates (Plato’s mentor), who inspired many of Plato's philosophical theories, and one of Socrates' students, Glaucon (Plato’s older brother). He uses an allegory as a short informative story, to illustrate 'forms' and the 'cave,' in his main work, The Republic (which first appeared around 380 BC). It is one of the most perceptive attempts to explain the nature of reality.
The second aim is to outline all the things Socrates says in his defence which to me were important in outlining the reasoning for his trial and which he uses in his defence. The third aim in this paper is to give my opinion on whether or not his approach and methods on how he handled his trial were appropriate. Socrates speech has definite structure. He first makes his speech of defence, then his speech in which he proposes an anterior penalty and last his speech to his jurors after his trial is over. Socrates has been accused of two things; corrupting the youth and Impiety but also of another.
During this time, he thought a lot about the pursuit of happiness and wrote about the subject. One of his writings was, “It follows that in the general sense also the man who is capable of deliberating has practical wisdom.” In Stagira, in the town of Thrace, a close friend of the king was rushing home for the birth of his child. This child was born in 384 B.C., by the name of Aristotle. When Aristotle grew up he moved to Athens to be educated. When he was in Athens studying
Just about everything that we know of Socrates was through the writing of Plato. Socrates was born to Sophroniscus, who was a sculptor and Phaenarete, who was a midwife in 469 BC. He did not have the normal education that many philosophers had in his time, but he was very educated in what he knew. There was not much about his past until the age of 17 when he became the favorite student of philosopher (Escalates). He was given the nickname gadfly.