“It’s clear to me that to die now and escape my troubles was a better thing for me” (Apology 41d). Socrates was a very wise man who gave deep and intellectual ideas regarding a human’s purpose in life and afterlife. He was arguing with the Men of Athens (the jury) because he was accused for disturbing the peace. Socrates was a mentor to Plato (who writes Phaedo, Symposium, Apology, and Republic about Socrates’ philosophical views) and was essential to the development of philosophy in classical Greece. Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview.
Both Plato and his student, Aristotle, wrote about friendship and love around two thousand and three hundred years ago. Both “The Symposium” by Plato and “Nicomachean Ethics” by Aristotle are great classics about love and friendship. Plato believes that love is a necessity in everyone’s life as it helps us gain happiness and courage in life, or even in death; while Aristotle considers friendship as the most important thing in mankind. Although Plato’s and Aristotle’s ideology is slightly different, both of their works bring out the importance of “eudaimonia” – the final aim which we all should achieve: to do something that can bring us happiness. Aristotle classifies friendship into three different types according to different kinds of affection:
Again, Plato is addressing the idea that a person's inner virtues are worth more than the circumstances that attempt to govern him. In The Republic, Plato moves to have Socrates debate the multitude of traits that can lead to a “just” man who can really live the good life. “The happiest man is he who is first in goodness and justice, namely the true king who is also king over himself.” (Plato) In view of this quote, Plato is making the affirmation the ideal life of prosperity is only achieved through holding true to one’s self. All of these writings come from the logic of what is judged, not by the situation of events, but by relation of someone’s
Eventually his career in tutoring lead to an interest in philosophy, upon his discovery of philosophy he dedicated all of his energy into it. Later starting a career in lecturing on the subject of philosophy, his lectures quickly because famous and it became difficult to attend them. One of Kant’s pupils Jachman is quoted saying this about Kant and his lectures: Kant had a peculiarly skillful method of asserting and defining metaphysical concepts, which consisted, to all appearances, in carrying out his inquiries in front of his audience; as though he himself
All through the history of humanity, people have been making deliberate efforts in order to obtain a world in which one can live with enjoyment, equality, fairness, and happiness. Many great ancient philosophers have created utopian societies for people to explore and consider. Great philosophers of an ancient Greece, namely, Plato and Aristotle, had written hugely influential and important works for the modern civilized world, which explain not only the way the ideal utopian state should look, but they also provide a thorough explanation on how they should actually work. Plato and Aristotle have been sincerely concerned with the justification of political obligation, authority, and the goals that political actions should pursue. Although both Aristotle and Plato have proposed genuinely meritorious ideas without which our contemporary world could have been incredibly different from today’s world, I believe, that under the Plato’s world people would have been much happier than by the Aristotelian one.
These guys were well known in Greek Philosophy. In addition, Plato was not only Aristotle 's teacher but also Socrates student. Both of these philosophical titans were interested in the concept of “doing good,” but the teacher was concerned with knowing the good while the student wanted to apply the good, resulting in two different philosophies. Born into a prominent and wealthy family in the city, Plato devoted his life to one goal. He wanted people to reach a state of fulfilment.
They find what the gods like or dislike. The relationships with their mother and wife shaped them as the men they are because they helped motivate them to do the right thing and get back to their world. While many movies, books, and poems have heroes. Only some are the real epic
As a result, Plato is kenned for his fixate on virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that places highlight on one's moral character. This is where the divine command theory comes in. It is the view of morality in which what is right is what God commands, and what is wrong is what God forbids. This view is one that ties together morality in and religion in a way that is very comfortable for most people, because it provides a solution to pesky arguments like moral relativism and the objectivity of ethics. Looking at the Euthyphro argument, this theory comes up in order to answer the question of ethics being whether something is wrong because God forbids it or whether God prohibits it because it is already wrong.
Title (Argue against three positions from Plato) The Athenian philosopher Plato is said to be one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world. It could also be argued that he is one of the most important figures in the entire history of Western thought. In his many written dialogues, he expands the ideas and different techniques of his teacher, Socrates, of thirty years. Plato’s way of living was to ask ruthless questions that made you think about the reason you are living and why you are the way you are. Plato writes of Socrates, and the beliefs they share, in Republic where he explores the ideal soul of a nation and of an individual.
Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric. The usefulness of rhetoric was undisputed. Sophists believed that educated men could convince the world of anything, and Aristotle and Isocrates knew that persuasion was applicable to every subject. The difference between men like Isocrates and Aristotle and the sophists was the search for truth. As a result of their philosophy behind rhetoric, they taught rhetoric differently.