Plato And Aristotle: 4th Century Philosophy

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Plato and Aristotle: 4th Century Philosophy

The center of western philosophy belonged to the ancient Greeks. Europe was the midpoint for the nature of Greek philosophy. Therefore, if a person lived in a country established by Europeans, they knew about Greek Philosophy. In addition, those who knew about Greek Philosophy were familiar with the names of Plato and Aristotle. These guys were well known in Greek Philosophy. In addition, Plato was not only Aristotle 's teacher but also Socrates student. Both of these philosophical titans were interested in the concept of “doing good,” but the teacher was concerned with knowing the good while the student wanted to apply the good, resulting in two different philosophies.

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He was Plato’s prize student, even though he disagreed with him on many points (Boeree, 2009). Aristotle did not agree with Plato’s idea of wanting to take transcend human selfishness. Aristotle believed that human selfishness is part of who we are as human beings. His idea in politics was to design a government or a society that acknowledges human selfishness and mitigates it. Aristotle was truly in disagreement with Plato’s idea of state. For example, Aristotle believed no one would really care for kids if they didn’t belong to anybody. With this in mind, most people would help their family members in critical situations. However, if it’s someone else’s family member that is suffering from a critical health situation, most people wouldn’t care that as much. Therefore, Aristotle believed if we took away private property and family, people would simply neglect everything. The reason why is because in general, human selfishness works in our favor. In fact, human selfishness can sometimes be the reason why we eat. For example, if two hungry guys want to eat something, they can fight for it and whoever wins gets to eat it. In other words, human selfishness is connected to survival. Moreover, Aristotle came up with an idea not of the “ideal state” but rather, a state that “works.” He calls this process, a state that is balanced. In other words, where neither the rich nor poor can predominate. Aristotle believed in a state where people were really forced to work together. But at the same time, he wanted people to maintain private property and families because he believed it was part of human nature. Therefore, while Plato sought to imagine the ideal of state, Aristotle sought to design a government that would actually work. For these reasons, in Raphael 's classic painting The School of Athens, Plato is pointing up at the sky. One the other hand, Aristotle has his hand over the ground, which symbolizes he wants Plato
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