Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
Crito did not want to be seen as someone who valued wealth more than valuing the opportunity to bribe the jailer and save Socrates. The most interesting argument is that Crito tells Socrates that it is morally wrong for him to stay and allow himself to be executed. Crito gives three different reasons for this statement. One is that Socrates will be doing what his enemies intended for him to do. Next, Socrates is failing to raise and educate his children if he agrees
Evidence of the impact of Aristotle's mentorship can be found by comparing the decisions made during Alexander's time as king and Aristotle's ideas found in the books that he left behind. Even though Aristotle was only Alexander's tutor for a short amount of time, Aristotle became a large influence in Alexander's life. As a teacher Aristotle was able to project his personal views onto his pupils as well as educational information. Alexander was a captivated student. He had special interests in lessons such as medicine and scievnce, however he also enjoyed the arts, particularly literature.
There names are Rene Descartes and Plato. Plato and Descartes are two Greek philosophers that believe in Rationalism, yet both have a different perspective of it. I will explain both philosopher’s methods when it comes to viewing the everyday world, talk about their similarities and differences, and then choose Descartes’s method regarding Rationalism. I agree with Descartes method a lot more than Plato’s because I feel that inborn knowledge is a form of deception and escaping your reality, like Plato would suggest, would only leave you to be deceived even more. Both Plato and Descartes believe in Rationalism, and they also fear uncertainty.
“Plato’s philosophy is an attempt to justify Socrates’ belief in the objectivity of moral virtues.” As one of Socrates’ most loyal disciples, Plato’s own philosophy was heavily influenced by Socrates’ own thoughts and teachings. Much of Plato’s philosophy is a direct extension of some of the questions Socrates posed, i.e., Socrates asked what justice is, and Plato explored this question in his own writings. It is Socrates’ code of ethics, however, that most closely corresponds with Plato’s ethics. The two philosophers believed strongly in the concept of eudaimonia, which is basic human well-being and goodness (Mastin, 2008). Much of Socrates’ ethics was built around this concept, which led to his ethical code becoming basically objective.
The Apology centered on Socrates’ justification of his actions in response to the accusations made against him by his peers, considering his dedication to the life of philosophy had earned him a fair share of critics and unpopularity. Pythian’s declaration regarding Socrates being the wisest of all was a starting point of Socrates’ defense. In disbelief because to the fact that he believed he knew nothing, Socrates was set to determine how an ignorant being such as he could possibly be named the wisest. He pursued this investigation of wisdom by striking a conversation with anyone he believed was wise. He approached politicians, poets, and craftsmen, however Socrates soon realized these people were not as wise as they portrayed themselves to be.
Through being conceited, unfaithful to his wife, and lacking in leadership, Odysseus has shown readers that he does not have what it takes to be a true hero. Odysseus is not a good role model for anyone, so he teaches readers many lessons on what not to be like. Readers can learn that not everything is about them, they have to understand that to be a true hero, everyone else comes before them. They can also learn that leaders have to be strong and selfless, not strong and arrogant. Arrogance will never get anyone anywhere, it only makes people lose trust and lose respect.
In “Apoligy” Socrates refused to admit his accusation, but in “Crito” he chose to accept the death instead of escaping. His value towards justice can be reflected by much of his word that “justice” is not limited to individuals but at a higher level; it is like a shared value inside all human being. When Crito said his worry of “shameful reputation” of spending money for friend”, Socrates asked him why he needed to consider other people’s opinions. “The best people, who are more deserving of our attention, will believe that the matter was handled in just the way it is.” (44c) His persistence of his own belief of justice may be one reason that supports his defending himself from the accusations. On the other hand, he weighted the public opinions
(Golding, 69) This shows that Ralph cares about the others and actually wanted to escape when the idea of escape in Jacks mind was not even there. Jacks blood lust is starting to affect the group and the others chances of being rescued from the island. Without the fire, they would never be rescued and it would not have be good because the group would have become worse. Ralph would follow these rules and he just expected others to pull their weight. When Ralph does not follow the rules, nothing good comes from it.
So, the tragedy was an interpretation of what happened to Pericles and to Athenian people. Oedipus was portrayed as a tragic hero(as Pericles was). He cared for his people and he was upright, yet he was a victim of 'misfortune'. Sophocles might have seen faults in certain things that Pericles did and therefore decided to use the story as a message to aspiring political leaders. He probably had respect for Pericles as a good leader and so, he did not mention him out rightly in the text but rather changed the